History Optional Paper-1 Solution – 2015: Q.5 (e)
Q.5(e) How does Tuzuk-i Babri testify that Babar had been a cultured man?
Tuzuk-i-Baburi is the autobiography of Babur, the founder of the Mughal empire in India. Babur wrote it in Turkish language. On the instruction of Akbar, Tuzuk-i Baburi was translated into Persian named, ‘Baburnamah’ in 1589 by one of his nobles, Mirza Abdur-Rahim.
The Tuzuk-i-Baburi is a faithful description of the world the author had lived in, and of the people he had come into contact.
Following facts in Tazuk-i Babri testifies Babar as a cultured man:
(1) Literary Taste
Babar had a fine literary test. He was a great writer and poet. He made beautiful verses. Tuzuk-i Babri is written in beautiful and chaste language and is a delightful reading.
(2) Interest in architecture
He had built many buildings in Samarqand and also tried the same in India but he did not have much time due to uncosolidated nature of Empire. He disliked non-symmetrical buildings of India.
(3) Interest in music, dance and painting
Babur wrote books on music and had deept interest in it. In his wine parties, music and dance, witticism and recital of poetry were common. He had interest in painting.
(4) Love for nature
Babur was a passionate lover of nature who found pleasure in streams, meadows and pasture lands of his own country; springs, lakes, plants, flowers, and fruits all had charm for him. This love of nature gave him the poetic genius.
About India, he mentions about mountains, rivers, jungles, and streams and about various kinds of foodstuffs, fruits and vegetables. He gives a minute account of the flora and fauna of Hindustan.
He writes about his own success and failure or about his shortcomings with candour, which greatly impresses the reader.
With great regard for truth, Babur recorded historical events exactly as they had occurred. There was no hypocrisy.
It is said: “If ever there were a case when the testimony of a single historical document, unsupported by other evidence, should be accepted as sufficient proof, it is the case with Babur’s Memoirs. No reader of this prince of autobiographers can doubt his honesty or his competence as witness and chronicler.”
(6) Liberal nature
There was less sectarianism in him and less religious bigotry. Though he did show ruthlessness and destroyed temples in several occassions.