History Optional Paper-1 Solution – 2015: Q.7(a)
Q. Make an estimate of Rana Kumbha as a patron of literature and art.
Rana Kumba (1438-68) was a great ruler of Mewar in medieval period. He was a great patron of literature and art.
An estimate of Rana Kumbha as a patron of literature and art:
He had a keen interest in music and he was a great musician himself. He was a great Veena player.
He wrote works like Sangit Raj, Sangit Mimansa, ‘Sangit Ratnakar’ and Sudprabandh.
Rana Kumba gave patronage to many craftsmen and sculptors. He gave special attention to military architecture. He strengthened the defences of of Chittor and constructed a road running through its seven doors. He built 32 forts and laid the foundation of Kumbhalgarh fort.
The greatest architecture during his reign was Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame) built by him at Chittor in commemoration of his victory over Malwa.
He erected a Victory Tower (Kumbha Stambh) at Chittor as a mark of victories and conquests. The tower is covered with exquisite sculptures of Hindu Gods and Goddesses and depicts episodes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. There are many inscriptions on the Stambha
He constructed the city of Basantpur. He built several inns, palaces, ponds, schools, and temples.
He was proficient in Vedas, Upanishads, smiritis, Mimansas, Vyakaranas etc.
He wrote commentry on Jaydeva’s Gita Govinda and an explanation of Chandisatakam.
He was an author of four dramas in which he used Sanskrit, Prakrit and three vernaculers.
He also patronised great scholars. During his reign, the scholar Atri and his son Mahesa wrote the prashasti (edict) of the Chittor Kirti Stambha.
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