History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 1988: Q.5 (d)
Q.5 (d) “The Anglo-Japanese Treaty (1902) marks a milestone in the development of Japan as an Asiatic power.” Comment.
The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of 1902 was signed in London netween England and Japan.
The treaty obligated either party to remain neutral if one or other found itself at war. However, if either party were confronted by two or more opponents, the other party would come to its aid.
It was primarily directed against the potential shared menace posed to Japan and England by France and Russia in the Far East.
Japan could now count on the British in a war with Russia if any other power were to ally with Russia.
The treaty helped in the development of Japan as an Asiatic power because of the following reasons:
(1) The treaty was considered a triumph in Japan, where it had a powerful influence in boosting national pride. For the first time a European country had allied with an Asian country against a Western rival.
(2) In effect, the British tacitly sanctioned Japanese aggression in Korea.
(3) The treaty served Japan in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05) by discouraging France, Russia’s European ally, from entering the war on the Russian side due to fear of British intervention. This win of Japan against Russian Empire increased the prestige of Japan hugely and it emerged as only Asiatic power which can defeat European power.
(4) The sucess of Japan in the Russo-Japanese which put Japan on course to dominate Manchuria which gave boost to Japanese imperialism.