Medieval Indian History

(1) Early Medieval India, 750-1200: 

(2) Cultural Traditions in India, 750- 1200:


  • Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and BrahmaMimansa


  • Forms and features of religion,
  • Tamil devotional cult,
  • growth of Bhakti,
  • Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism


Art and Architecture:

  • Temple architecture,
  • sculpture,
  • painting

(3) The Thirteenth Century:

(a) Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: Turkish advance towards India,The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success

(b) Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans. Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish

(c) Consolidation: The rule of Balban

(4) The Fourteenth Century:

(a) The Khalji Revolution: Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures

(b) Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq

(c) Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate

(d) Foreign contacts: Ibn Battuta’s account

(e) The Mongol threat to India during 13th and 14th Centuries

(5) Society, Culture, Economy and Administration in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries:

(a) Government and Administration under the Delhi Sultanate

(b) Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce.

(c) Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate

(d) Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture.

(6) The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developments and Economy:

(a) Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat , Malwa, And Lodis

(b) The Vijayanagra Empire and Bahmanids

(c) Portuguese Colonial enterprise

(d) Babar’s advance towards India

(e) Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun

(f) Humayun and the Afghans

(f) The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration

(g) Bhakti and Sufi Movements.

(7) The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture:

Regional cultural specificities – Literary traditions – Provincial architecture – Society, culture, literature and the arts. in Vijayanagara Empire

(8) Akbar:

(a) Conquests and consolidation of the Empire and Rajput Policy

(b) State Under Akbar: Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems

(c) Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy

(d) Court patronage of art and technology

(9) Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century:

Major administrative policies of Jahangir and Shahjahan

Religious policies of Jahangir and Shahjahan

War of Succession by Shahjahan’s Sons: Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh

Major administrative policies of Aurangzeb

Religious policies of Aurangzeb

The Empire and the Zamindars

Nature of the Mughal State

Mughal Theory of Sovereignty

Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts

The Ahom Kingdom

Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom

(10) Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries:


Fiscal and Monetary System, Prices In Mughal India

Agricultural production

Craft production


Commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies: a trade revolution

Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems

Potentiality of emergence of capitalism in Mughal India

Condition of peasants

Condition of women

Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth

(11) Culture in the Mughal Empire:

(a) Persian histories and other literature

(b) Hindi and other religious literature and Religions

(c)Mughal architecture

(d) Mughal painting

(e) Rajput Painting

(f) Provincial architecture and painting

(g) Classical music

(h) Science and technology

(12) The Eighteenth Century:

(a) Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire

(b) The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh

(c) Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas

(d) The Maratha fiscal and financial system

(e) Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat: 1761

(f) State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest



  1. Sir\Madam,
    Thanks a lot for your efforts. When are you planning to post rest of the parts of Medieval history?
    And same question for modern , Ancient, World as well. If you can provide any end date by when all these will be posted, it would of great help

      1. Sir.
        Till now many links are not active. So plz tell when You are going to activate these link…
        It would be great help for aspirants

  2. I really loved your effort in compiling these notes. I am eagerly awaiting all the topics to be covered soon. Thanks again

  3. You are doing a great work man…Loved the new look..Keep the good work going…Waiting for you to complete the remaining portions…Take care buddy

  4. Great work..some links are disabled like that of aurangzed and may others..shall they b enabled in future or there is some other technical glitch?

  5. sir appearing for mains this year,only 58 days remaining…your notes are very helpful,read all links but some are missing.its my humble request , if you can please upload them.I know it would definitely increase my marks.waiting eagerly for it.please do reply.

  6. Hello sir/madam, this is a really good initiative and true to it’s name the most appropriate one for selfstudy. Could you also post the remaining articles, For one, the culture part of Vijayanagara empire? It would bbe really helpful. Tq.

Leave a Reply