(A) Post Independent Modern India

Consolidation as a Nation:

Caste and Ethnicity after 1947:

  • Backward castes in postcolonial electoral politics;
  • Tribes in postcolonial electoral politics;
  • Dalit movements.
  • Dalit movements

Economic development and political change:

(B) Pre-Independent Modern India:

1. European Penetration into India:

(a) The Early European Settlements;The Portuguese and the Dutch;The English and the French East India Companies; British-French struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars

(b) British-French struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars

(d) Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey, Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim;The Battle of Buxar

2. British Expansion in India:

3. Early Structure of the British Raj:

The early administrative structure; The Regulating Act of 1773,From diarchy to direct control

The Pitt’s India Act  of 1784

The Charter Act of 1793 and 1813

The Charter Act of 1833

The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;

The English utilitarian and India

4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:

(a) Land revenue settlements in British India;

  • The Permanent Settlement;
  • Ryotwari Settlement;
  • Mahalwari Settlement ;

Economic impact of the revenue arrangements ;

Commercialization of agriculture

Rise of landless agrarian labourers;

Impoverishment of the rural society.

Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce;


Decline of traditional crafts;

Drain of wealth

Economic Transformation of India;

Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services;

Famine and poverty in the rural interior;

European business enterprise and its limitations.

5. Social and Cultural Developments:

The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, the Introduction of western education in India;

The rise of press, literature and public opinion;

The rise of modern vernacular literature;

Progress of science;

Christian missionary activities in India

6 . Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas:

Ram Mohan Roy,

The Brahmo Movement;

Devendranath Tagore;

Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar

The Young Bengal Movement

Dayanada Saraswati;

The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow Remarriage, child marriage etc.;

The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India;

Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi Movements

Islamic revivalism – the Wahabi Movements

7. Indian Response to British Rule:

Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including:

The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, Character, Causes of failure the consequences- Part I

The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, Character, Causes of failure the consequences- Part II

The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post -1857 period;

The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.

8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism:

Politics of Association before Congress

The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership

The Moderates and Extremists

The Partition of Bengal (1905),The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement

The Split in the Surat Congress, 1907

The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India

Home Rule Movement

Lucknow Pact 1916

9. Rise of Gandhi, Character of Gandhian nationalism and Gandhi Era:

Philosophy and Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi

Rise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi ‘s popular appeal; Early activism; Rowlatt Satyagraha 

Khilafat Movement; Non-cooperation Movement

National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement:

The two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; The Round Table Conferences, Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Communal Award, Poona Pact

Nationalism and the Peasant Movements

Nationalism and Working class movements

Praja Mandal Movements in Princely States

Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947)

The election of 1937 and the formation of ministries

August Offer, Individual Satyagraha and Cripps Mission(1939-1942)

The Quit India Movement (1942-1944)

Rajaji Formula,The Wavell Plan, INA Trial, RIN Mutiny, Election and The Cabinet Mission

10. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935

(a) Viceroy’s Executive Council and The Imperial Legislative Council

(b) The Government of India Act, 1858 and The Indian Council Act, 1861

(c) The Indian Council Act, 1892

(d) Morley-Minto Reforms,1909 or  Indian Councils Act,1909

(e) Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919

(f) The Government of India Act 1935

11. Other strands in the National Movement

  • The Revolutionaries: 
    • Bengal, the Punjab,
    • Maharashtra,
    • U.P,
    • the Madras Presidency,
    • Outside India.
  • The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

12. Politics of Separatism:

  • The Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition;
  • Transfer of power; Independence.

55 thoughts on “MODERN INDIAN HISTORY”

    1. “(e)Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919 ” IS MISSING INSTEAD IT IS MORLEY MINTO INSTEAD PLEASE CORRECT IT.

    1. Some topics have links but most of them are not opening.. Everytime it shows “content is protected”. Please tell me what to to see the content..

  1. Sir, you started this wonderful blog and hats off to you.But please complete the remaining topics in every section atleast in History.

  2. Respected sir,
    Your notes are very compact and easy to grasp. Since modern india is the very critical and analytical portion of our optional subject, You ofcourse have released our extra burden for preparing notes. If you kindly complete the remaining portion ,as a self study student we will be obliged.
    Thank you,

  3. This forum has comprehensive, crisp and to the point relevant content. Your efforts are really appreciable.
    Please complete the remaining portion as well.
    Good luck team!
    Thanks! 🙂

  4. Sir,
    Please roll back DPPH n DPPGE,,it was really helpful.
    As there is less time left now, its a kind request to restart prelims series.

  5. Sir please The mention sources of every topic,that would help us lot….thank you It is very useful material

  6. Please shall you provide me some of topic were blocked from the site. I need sir I am preparing those topic like Raj rammohan roy

  7. Sir Please complete all the topics (in all four parts- Ancient, Medieval, Modern, World) , at least those topics which are difficult to understand or difficult to find in standard books.

  8. Sir please activate this hidden(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

  9. Dear sir, Could you please upload the material in Hindi so that Hindi medium students also get benefit….

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