GS Mains History Q&A: 6

Q.6 World War – I had far reaching consequences for the Indian National Movement. Comment. Ans: World War – I was the war fought between Great Britain, France, Russia and Japan on one side (Later joined by Italy & USA) and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey on the other. In India the years of war marked…

GS Mains History Q&A: 5

Q.5 Mahatma Gandhi was neither a Moderate nor an Extremist but influenced by both. Discuss.  Ans: Gandhi’s political thoughts were inspired by to both the Moderates and the Extremists and he used the techniques of both in a more practical and dynamic way. He adopted the goal of moderates, i.e. self-rule via non-violent techniques and…

History Optional Paper-1 Solution – 2008: Q.5 (b)

Q.5 (b) Write a short essay on: “Significance of the arrival of the Portuguese in India.” [20m] The landing of Vasco-da-gama at Calicut in 1498 is considered as the beginning of a new phase during which the control of the ocean passed into the hands of Europeans. Economic Significance Indian trade and traders received a…

GS Mains History Q&A: 4

Q.4 ​Portugal’s refusal to give up Goa inspite of India’s repeated requests, led to a two-fold struggle. Elaborate.  Ans: At the time of Union of India’s independence from the British Empire in 1947, Portugal held a handful of exclaves in the Indian subcontinent – the districts of Goa, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar…

GS Mains History Q&A: 3

Q.3 ​No battle in the history of India had an impact that was so vast, so immediate and so permanent as the Battle of Plassey. In this context, analyze how the British position in India changed thereafter? Ans: The beginnings of British political sway over India may be traced back to the battle of Plassey…

GS Mains History Q&A: 2

Q.2 ​Do you think that Quit India Movement was a spontaneous revolution? Justify.  Answer: Various scholars have analyzed questions of spontaneity and preparedness of the Quit India Movement in terms of action and reaction. The overwhelming view is that this movement was not a controlled volunteer movement like Gandhi’s previous movements of 1920-22 and 1930-34….

GS Mains History Q&A: 1

Q. ​Industrial Revolution, which affected every part of life in Great Britain, proved to be a mixed blessing. Analyze both the merits and demerits of the Industrial Revolution.  Answer: Industrial Revolution led to wide ranging changes not only in the political and economic spheres, but in the social, cultural, technological and psychological etc. spheres as…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2010: Q.1 (c)

Q.1 (c) “The active participation of Aruna Asaf Ali in 1942 movement symbolized the role of women in India’s freedom struggle”. Critically evaluate. Ans: Aruna Asaf Ali was a woman freedom fighter who in a short time gained prominent position among the freedom fighters.She was inclined towards Socialism. During civil disobedience movement she broke the salt…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2010: Q.2 (a)

Q.2 (a) “In terms of administrative structure, the government of India act of 1858, meant more continuation than change.” do you agree? Substantiate. (20) (2010) Ans: Although in India demands were always raised for the abolition of the Company rule, earlier the British government was not so sure about such a measure. The charter of…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2012: Q.4 (b)

Q.4 (b) “The Chipko became famous as the first major environmental movement in post-colonial India and gave to the understanding that environment issues are often women’s issues because they suffer most from its deterioration.” – Explain. Ans: The Chipko movement got its name from the actions of women in Uttarakhand in 1970s who hugged trees…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2007: Q.5 (b)

​Q.7 (a) New imperialism was a nationalistic, not an economic phenomena. Critically examine. Ans: The New Imperialism was a period of colonial expansion—and its accompanying ideologies — mainly by the European powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The period is distinguished by an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions.  The Great Powers of Europe suddenly shook off almost a…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2013: Q.7 (a)

Q.7 (a) New imperialism was a nationalistic, not an economic phenomena. Critically examine. Ans: The New Imperialism was a period of colonial expansion—and its accompanying ideologies — mainly by the European powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The period is distinguished by an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions. The Great Powers of Europe suddenly shook off almost a…