History Optional Paper- 2 Solution – 1997: Q.1 (a)

Q.1 (a) Write a short essay on: “Vedic rituals” [1997, 20m]  Ans: Rig Veda reflects the beliefs and practices of a religious aristocracy and its patrons. The Rig Veda indicates a diversity of religious practices. The Vedic hymns divide the universe into the sky (dyu), earth (prthivi) and the middle realm (antariksha). Deities were worshipped…

History Optional Paper-1 Solution – 1980: Q.1 (Map based question)

Q. Mark any fifteen of the following on the map supplied to you and give descriptive notes on them: (1) Amber (2) Ahmadnagar (3) Anegondi (4) Badami (5) Bassein (6) Bidar (7) Chanderi  (8) Chittor (9) Arikamedu (10) Devagiri (11) Gaur (12) Halebid (13) Ikkeri (14) Kalibangan (15) Jinji (16) Burzahom (17) Dvarasamudra (18) Nalanda…

History Optional Paper-1 Solution – 2010: Q.5 (b)

Q.5 (b) Discuss the social dynamics in the Vijayanagara Empire. Ans: The social life under the Vijayanagar Empire was well developed. Foreign travelers like Nuniz, Paes, Nicolo Conti and Barbosa left vivid accounts on the splendour of buildings and luxurious social life in the city of Vijayanagar. 1. Royal Court: The king and his courtiers…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2014: Q.7 (c)

Q.7 (c) “The Battle of Plassey that decided the fate of Bengal was won by Clive through intrigues.” Explain. Ans: The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal, Sirajudaullah on 23 June 1757. The Battle of Plassey decided fate of Bengal. The battle made the position of the company de jure…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2000: Q.1 (a)

Q.1 (a) The battle of Plassey was “not a great battle but a great betrayal.” Comment. Ans: The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal, Sirajudaullah on 23 June 1757. Before the battle, British, worried about being outnumbered and also French help to Nawab, formed a conspiracy mainly with Siraj-ud-Daulah’s…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 2014: Q.1 (a)

Q.1 (a) “Plassey did not complete the British conquest of India. Had the English been convincingly defeated in any subsequent battle in India, then (the battle of) Plassey would have remained as a minor episode in the history of India.” Critically examine. Ans: The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab…

History Optional Paper-2 Solution – 1981: Q.5 (d)

Q.5 (d) Write a critical note on: Importance of the Opium War in the history of China. Ans: Until well into the nineteenth century China was almost closed to European. Having one of the oldest civilization, Chinese were proud of their culture and despised all foreigners as barbarians. But due to lack of contact with…

GS Mains History Q&A: 10

Q.10 ​The socio-religious reform movements of the 19th century did not fundamentally challenge the caste and gender hierarchies of the Indian Society. Evaluate. Ans: The social reform movements of 19th century can be broadly categorised as those which frontally challenged the prevalent caste and gender hierarchies on one hand, like the Young Bengal group of…

GS Mains History Q&A: 9

Q.9 ​“The decline and fall of empires are not affairs of greased cartridges. Such results are occasioned by adequate causes and by the accumulation of adequate causes.” Comment on this statement made by Benjamin Disraeli in the context of 1857 revolt. Ans: The official British explanation for 1857 was that only the Bengal army had…

GS Mains History Q&A: 8

Q.8 Rediscovery of India’s past was a mixed blessing for the nationalist movement. Examine. Ans: In the 19th century many Indians realized that social and religious reformation was an essential condition for the all round development of the country on modern line and for the growth of national unity and solidarity. Most of these reformation…

GS Mains History Q&A: 7

Q.7 ​“The 1906 Simla conference was the beginning of an explicit British policy of divide and rule in India”. Analyze. Ans: The 1906 Simla conference as the beginning of an explicit British policy of “divide and rule” in India. By encouraging Muslims to see themselves as a separate political entity – one defined in opposition…

GS Mains History Q&A: 6

Q.6 World War – I had far reaching consequences for the Indian National Movement. Comment. Ans: World War – I was the war fought between Great Britain, France, Russia and Japan on one side (Later joined by Italy & USA) and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey on the other. In India the years of war marked…