• Medieval Indian with main reference of Satish Chandra’s book and IGNOU. Unnecessary parts(out of syllabus) from the  book have been removed and missing topics and chapter have been added from various other sources. Figures and maps have also been provided for better understanding.

(1) Early Medieval India, 750-1200: 

  • Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs – The Cholas: administration, village economy and society – “Indian Feudalism” – Agrarian economy and urban settlements – Trade and commerce – Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order – Condition of women – Indian science and technology

(2) Cultural Traditions in India, 750- 1200:


  • Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and BrahmaMimansa


  • Forms and features of religion,
  • Tamil devotional cult,
  • growth of Bhakti,
  • Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism


Art and Architecture:

  • Temple architecture, sculpture, painting

(3) The Thirteenth Century:

(a) Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: Turkish advance towards India,The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success

(b) Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans. Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish

(c) Consolidation: The rule of Balban

(4) The Fourteenth Century:

(a) The Khalji Revolution: Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures

(b) Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq

(c) Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate

(d) Foreign contacts: Ibn Battuta’s account

(e) The Mongol threat to India during 13th and 14th Centuries

(5) Society, Culture, Economy and Administration in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries:

(a) Government and Administration under the Delhi Sultanate

(b) Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce.

(c) Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate

(d) Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture.

(6) The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developments and Economy:

(a) Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat , Malwa, And Lodis

(b) The Vijayanagra Empire and Bahmanids

(c) Portuguese Colonial enterprise

(d) Babar’s advance towards India

(e) Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun

(f) Humayun and the Afghans

(f) The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration

(g) Bhakti and Sufi Movements.

(7) The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture:

Regional cultural specificities – Literary traditions – Provincial architecture – Society, culture, literature and the arts. in Vijayanagara Empire

(8) Akbar:

(a) Conquests and consolidation of the Empire and Rajput Policy

(b) State Under Akbar: Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems

(c) Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy

(d) Court patronage of art and technology

(9) Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century:

Major administrative policies of Jahangir and Shahjahan

Religious policies of Jahangir and Shahjahan

War of Succession by Shahjahan’s Sons: Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh

Major administrative policies of Aurangzeb

Religious policies of Aurangzeb

The Empire and the Zamindars

Nature of the Mughal State

Mughal Theory of Sovereignty

Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts

The Ahom Kingdom

Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom

(10) Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries:


Fiscal and Monetary System, Prices In Mughal India

Agricultural production

Craft production


Commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies: a trade revolution

Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems

Potentiality of emergence of capitalism in Mughal India

Condition of peasants

Condition of women

Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth

(11) Culture in the Mughal Empire:

(a) Persian histories and other literature

(b) Hindi and other religious literature and Religions

(c)Mughal architecture

(d) Mughal painting

(e) Rajput Painting

(f) Provincial architecture and painting

(g) Classical music

(h) Science and technology

(12) The Eighteenth Century:

(a) Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire

(b) The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh

(c) Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas

(d) The Maratha fiscal and financial system

(e) Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat: 1761

(f) State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest

20 Comments Add yours

  1. vibhu says:

    Thanks a lot for your efforts. When are you planning to post rest of the parts of Medieval history?
    And same question for modern , Ancient, World as well. If you can provide any end date by when all these will be posted, it would of great help

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Rest will be posted after prelims exam…

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Pankaj Nimbolkar says:

    plz provide articles on chapter no 2 of medieval India


  3. silverline says:

    Superb work!!
    please complete rest topics from satish chandra and other references.


  4. anandnew16 says:

    Superb work!!!
    please complete rest topics.


  5. Manisha says:

    You are doing a good job thank you


  6. Brian says:

    I really loved your effort in compiling these notes. I am eagerly awaiting all the topics to be covered soon. Thanks again


  7. Nathan says:

    Thank you for this great effort…. Awaiting other topics aswell…. Thank you sir


  8. arjun says:

    I don’t know who you are but I will find you and say THANK You!🙂


  9. Jeena says:

    Thank you sir


  10. Shubham says:

    You are doing a great work man…Loved the new look..Keep the good work going…Waiting for you to complete the remaining portions…Take care buddy


  11. Mukul says:

    Great work..some links are disabled like that of aurangzed and may others..shall they b enabled in future or there is some other technical glitch?


  12. seenu says:

    sir when will you provide the complete material for HISTORY I.e., by which time you can provide


    1. I cant say that for sure.


  13. prashantsahu says:

    Please provide content for Bhakti & Sufi movement..


  14. Apaul says:

    Please update the art and culture of medieval india


  15. Anand more says:

    Could you add these 1 and 2 points of medieval history


  16. dhruv1469 says:

    Hi Team,
    Pls start daily answer writing practice again…any idea as to when is it resuming?


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