Daily Practise for History Optional Mains 2017

For all those appearing in Main Examination in 2017 with history optional:

  1. We will be giving questions for daily practise for 2 months (from 30 July to 30 September) and upload good answers next day.
  2. We will try to cover important chapters which are more useful for exams though we do not promise to cover all topics.
  3. You can send your answers on email id selfstudyhistory@gmail.com in pdf format and we will try to send you feedback asap. Those appearing in test series will get their answers of daily questions certainly evaluated on priority basis.
  4. We are conducting an online test series for history optional for 2017 mains exam with 4 part test (one each of world, modern, ancient and medieval) and 1 full test. It will start from 15th August. (You can send your interest on selfstudyhistory@gmail.com). Those appearing in test series will also be provided solutions of important questions of previous years apart from high quality test paper evaluation and high quality solutions.
  5. A team of anonymous three with outstanding knowledge of history and with high scores in history optional (311, 273 and 272) has been entrusted for the task of all plans. Screenshot of their CSE-2016 marksheet is being attached here:

ANS

Abhijeet

Raj

Schedule:

  1. 30 July to 15 August: World History
  2. 16 August to 31 August: Modern India
  3. 1 September to 14 September: Ancient India
  4. 15 September to 29 September: Medieval India

World History (30 July to 15 August)

30 July to 31 July

  • Enlightenment and Modern ideas: (i) Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau (ii) Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies (iii) Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism.
  • Industrialization: (i) English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society (ii) Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan (iii) Industrialization and Globalization.

Questions and Solutions of 30 July

Questions and Solutions of 31 July

1 August to 3 August

  • Origins of Modern Politics: (i) European States System. (ii) American Revolution and the Constitution. (iii) French revolution and aftermath, 1789-1815. (iv) American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery. (v) British Democratic Politics, 1815- 1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, Chartists.

Questions and Solutions of 1 August

Questions and Solutions of 2 August

Questions and Solutions of 3 August

4 August, 5 August and 7 August

  • Nation-State System: (i) Rise of Nationalism in 19th century (ii) Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy (iii) Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence of nationalities across the world.
  • Revolution and Counter Revolution: (i) 19th Century European revolutions (ii) The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921 (iii) Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany. (iv) The Chinese Revolution of 1949

Questions and Solutions of 4 August

Questions and Solutions of 5 August

Questions of 7 August

Solution of 7 August

8 August to 10 August

  • World Wars: (i) 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications (ii) World War I: Causes and consequences (iii) World War II: Causes and consequence
  • The World after World War II: (i) Emergence of two power blocs (ii) Emergence of Third World and non-alignment (iii) UNO and the global disputes.

Questions of 8 August

Answers of 8 August

Questions of 9 August

Answers of 9 August

Questions of 10 August

Answers of 10 August

11 August to 12 August

  • Unification of Europe: (i) Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community (ii) Consolidation and Expansion of European Community (iii) European Union.
  • Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: (i) Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991 (ii) Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001. (iii) End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower.

Questions of 11 August

Answers of 11 August

Questions of 12 August

Answers of 12 August

14 August to 15 August

  • Imperialism and Colonialism: (i) South and South-East Asia (ii) Latin America and South Africa (iii) Australia (iv) Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.
  • Liberation from Colonial Rule: (i) Latin America-Bolivar (ii) Arab World-Egypt (iii) Africa-Apartheid to Democracy (iv) South-East Asia-Vietnam
  • Decolonization and Underdevelopment: (i) Factors constraining development: Latin America, Africa

Questions of 14 and 15 August

Answers of 14 and 15 August

MODERN INDIA (16 August to 31 August)

16, 17 and 18 August

European Penetration into India: The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey.

British Expansion in India: Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.

Early Structure of the British Raj: The early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; The Regulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833); The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule; The English utilitarian and India.

Questions of 16 August

Answers of 16 August

Questions of 17 August

Answers of 17 August

Questions of 18 August

Answers of 18 August

19, 21 and 22 August

Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule: (a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of the revenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landless agrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society. (b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Decline of traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India; Railroad and communication network including tele-graph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.

Social and Cultural Developments: The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicist controversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press, literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progress of science; Christian missionary activities in India.

Questions of 19 August

Answers of 19 August

Questions of 21 August

Answers of 21 August

Questions of 22 August

Answers of 22 August

23, 24 and 25 August

Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas: Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; Iswarchandra Vidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriage etc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India; Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.

Indian Response to British Rule: Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including the Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Deccan Uprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, character, causes of failure, the consequences; The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.

Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism; Politics of Association; The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderates and Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India.

Questions of 23 August

Answers of 23 August

Questions of 24 August

Answers of 24 August

Questions of 25 August

Answers of 25 August

26, 28 and 29  August

Rise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal; Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement; National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to the beginning of the Civil Disobedience movement; the two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the Round Table Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalism and Working class movements; Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries; Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The Cabinet Mission.

Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935

Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India. The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

Questions of 26 August

Answers of 26 August

Questions of 28 August

Answers of 28 August

Questions of 29 August

Answers of 29 August

30 and 31 August

Politics of Separatism; the Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.

Consolidation as a Nation; Nehru’s Foreign Policy; India and her neighbours (1947-1964); The linguistic reorganisation of States (1935-1947); Regionalism and regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoral politics; the Question of National Language.

Caste and Ethnicity after 1947; Backward castes and tribes in post-colonial electoral politics; Dalit movements.

Economic development and political change; Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post – colonial India; Progress of science.

Questions of 30 August

Answers of 30 August

Questions of 31 August

Answers of 31 August

ANCIENT INDIA (1 September to 14 September)

1 Sept and 2 Sept

Sources: Archaeological sources: Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.

Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).

Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.

Questions of 1 September

Answers of 1 September

Questions of 2 September

Answers of 2 September

4 Sept to 6 Sept

Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry.

Aryans and Vedic Period: Expansions of Aryans in India. Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.

Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States (Mahajanapada) : Republics and monarchies; Rise of urban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spread of Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.

Questions of 4 September

Answers of 4 September

Questions of 5 September

Answers of 5 September

Questions of 6 September

Answers of 6 September

7 Sept, 8 Sept and 9 Sept

Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art, architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature. Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.

Post – Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas): Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.

Questions of 7 September

Answers of 7 September

Questions of 8 September

Answers of 8 September

Questions of 9 September

Answers of 9 September

11 Sept to 12 Sept

Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India: Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration, economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.

Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas: Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.

Questions of 11 September

Answers of 11 September

Questions of 12 September

Answers of 12 September

13 Sept to 14 Sept

Regional States during Gupta Era: The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects. Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; local Govern-ment; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.

Themes in Early Indian Cultural History: Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.

Questions of 13 September

Answers of 13 September

Questions of 14 September

Answers of 14 September

 MEDIEVAL INDIA (15 SEPTEMBER TO 30 SEPTEMBER)

15 Sept

Early Medieval India, 750-1200: – Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula, origin and the rise of Rajputs – The Cholas: administration, village economy and society – “Indian Feudalism” – Agrarian economy and urban settlements – Trade and commerce – Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order – Condition of women – Indian science and technology

Questions of 15th September

Answers of 15th September

16 Sept and 18 Sept

Cultural Traditions in India, 750- 1200: – Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and BrahmaMimansa – Religion: Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism – Literature: Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India – Art and Architecture: Temple architecture, sculpture, painting

Questions of 16th September

Answers of 16th September

Questions of 18th September

Answers of 18th September

19 Sept

The Thirteenth Century: – Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success – Economic, social and cultural consequences – Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans – Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban

Questions of 19th September

Answers of 19th September

20 Sept to 22 Sept

The Fourteenth Century: – “The Khalji Revolution” – Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures – Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of Muhammad Tughluq – Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account

Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: – Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhakti movement, Sufi movement – Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture – Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce

Questions of 20th September

Answers of 20th September

Questions of 21st September

Answers of 21st September

Questions of 22nd September

Answers of 22nd September

23 Sept

The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developments and Economy: – Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids – The Vijayanagra Empire – Lodis – Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun – The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration – Portuguese Colonial enterprise – Bhakti and Sufi Movements

The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture: – Regional cultural specificities – Literary traditions – Provincial architecture – Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.

Questions of 23rd September

Answers of 23rd September

25 Sept

Akbar: – Conquests and consolidation of the Empire – Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems – Rajput policy – Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy – Court patronage of art and technology.

Questions of 25th September

Answers of 25th September

26 Sept to 27 Sept

Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century: – Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb – The Empire and the Zamindars – Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb – Nature of the Mughal State – Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts – The Ahom Kingdom – Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.

Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: – Population, agricultural production, craft production – Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies : a trade revolution – Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems – Condition of peasants, condition of women – Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth

Questions of 26th September

Answers of 26 September

Questions of 27th September

Answers of 27th September

28 Sept

Culture in the Mughal Empire: – Persian histories and other literature – Hindi and other religious literature – Mughal architecture – Mughal painting – Provincial architecture and painting – Classical music – Science and technology

Questions of 28th September

Answers of 28 September

29 Sept

The Eighteenth Century: – Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire – The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh – Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas – The Maratha fiscal and financial system – Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat: 1761 – State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest.

Questions of 29th September

Answers of 29 September

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21 Comments »

  1. sir please dont remove answers of previous years questions… we use it for quick revision after completion of reading a topic and practice accordingly…sir it helped in 2016mains..its humble request to add those answers.

  2. sir please dont remove answers of previous years questions.. we use it for quick revision after completion of a topic..it helped in 2016mains immensely. its very humble request to upload those answers back.

  3. Sir may i mail scanned copies of my answers for evaluation?
    Due to paucity of time i may be not able to follow you everyday but will try to start answer writing. I am giving mains this year. Gave mains in 2014, 2016 but got very poor marks 178(p1+p2=99+78)both times.
    As a working professional unable to provide enough time for preparation.
    Please guide me!

  4. Dear Sir,
    We appreciate your efforts highly. Please consider the following two suggestions for this initiative in general and for your follwing comment specifically: “Answers of previous years questions have been removed for this particular exercise. Also these answers were fraudulently used by inscrupulous coaching institutes in their test series for commercial purpose.”
    1. Answers provided for some of the previous year questions were a guide to new entrants who are right now finding it difficult to even relate the question to the topics of syllabus. THE ANSWERS WERE OF GREAT HELP FOR WORKING PROFESSIONALS. In this reference this initiative can be more fruitful if used for answering the questions which were not answered earlier and numerous followers of “selfstudyhistory” have been requesting for the same since a long time.
    2. Coming to inscrupulous coaching institutes – intitiative like yours and others like insightsonindia, mrunal, unacedamy etc. are already making them redundant. If coaching institutes have used your answers in their test series this means that they have already copied all of them. Non-availability of these answers now is only affecting students.
    No doubt you are the best judge for future course of action, but kindly consider our request of enabling back the solutions and solving unanswered questions through daily practice exercise.
    Thanks & Regards.

  5. could you please guide me how to approach History optional sir? I do not have any formal coaching institutes near by my place . i started preparing for UPSC on my own two years back. I am fond of History optional sir but lacking proper guidance. I can not afford coaching due to paucity of time and money.Moreover i could donate what ever i could.

  6. sir pls reintroduce previous years answer…..many part i’hv prepared from these only…..i can’t go for new material due to paucity of time….without these i will be doomed …please sir reconsider

      • sir belonging from a very poor background.. i can not afford 10000…..i’m following you for last 2years… chosen history as optional due to this site… so that i can self prepare( as i can not afford coaching)…relied completely on you ….sir, could clear prelims for the first time in my 4th attempt….pls do something so that all our combined effort are not ruined.

  7. Sir could yo please guide me for taking history as an optional subject…..
    I am taking history as an optional ….But lack of resources I did not attend any coaching classes….so please me proper guidance sir
    Thank you sir

  8. How can i contact selfstudy history people through mail?
    I have queries, questions thatonly u guys can sort….
    thank u

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