(A) Post Independent Modern India

(1)Consolidation as a Nation: Nehru’s Foreign Policy

(2)India and her neighbours (1947-1964)

(3)Integration of princely states

(4)Princes in electoral politics

(5)Question of national language

(6)The linguistic reorganisation of States

(7)Regionalism and regional inequality

(8)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Backward castes in post – colonial electoral politics

(9)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Tribes in post – colonial electoral politics

(10)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Dalit movements

(11)Economic Development and Political Change: Land Reform

(B) Pre-Independent Modern India:

1. European Penetration into India:

(a)The Early European Settlements;The Portuguese and the Dutch;The English and the French East India Companies;

(b)British-French struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars

(d)Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey, Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim;The Battle of Buxar

2. British Expansion in India:

Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.

3. Early Structure of the British Raj:

(a)The early administrative structure; The Regulating Act of 1773,From diarchy to direct control

(b)The Pitt’s India Act  of 1784

(c)The Charter Act of 1793 and 1813

(d)The Charter Act of 1833

The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;

The English utilitarian and India

4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:

(a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement ;Mahalwari Settlement ;

Economic impact of the revenue arrangements ;

Commercialization of agriculture

Rise of landless agrarian labourers;

Impoverishment of the rural society.

(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce;


Decline of traditional crafts;

Drain of wealth

Economic Transformation of india ; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.

5. Social and Cultural Developments:

The state of indigenous education, its dislocation;

Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, the Introduction of western education in India;

The rise of press, literature and public opinion;

The rise of modern vernacular literature;

Progress of science;

Christian missionary activities in India

6 . Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas:

Ram Mohan Roy,

The Brahmo Movement;

Devendranath Tagore;

Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar

The Young Bengal Movement

Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow Remarriage, child marriage etc.;

The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India;

Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi Movements

Islamic revivalism – the Wahabi Movements

7. Indian Response to British Rule:

Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including:

The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, Character, Causes of failure the consequences;

The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post -1857 period;

The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.

8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism:

(a)Politics of Association before Congress

(b)The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership

(c)The Moderates and Extremists

(d)The Partition of Bengal (1905),The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement

(e)The Split in the Surat Congress, 1907

(e)The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India

(f)Home Rule Movement

(g)Lucknow Pact 1916

9. Rise of Gandhi, Character of Gandhian nationalism and Gandhi Era:

(a)Philosophy and Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi

(b)Rise of gandhi,Gandhi ‘s popular appeal, Early activism, Rowlatt Satyagraha 

(c)Khilafat Movement; Non-cooperation Movement

(d)The Swarajists, Constructive Works and Bardoli Satyagraha

(e)Simon Commission

(f)The Nehru Report, Delhi Proposal and Jinnah’s Fourteen Demands

(g)The two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement ;The Round Table Conferences,Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Communal Award,Poona Pact

(h)Nationalism and the Peasant Movements

(i)Nationalism and Working class movements

(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

(k)Praja Mandal Movements in Princely States

(l)Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947)

(m)The election of 1937 and the formation of ministries

(n)August Offer, Individual Satyagraha and Cripps Mission(1939-1942)

(m)The Quit India Movement (1942-1944)

(n)Rajaji Formula,The Wavell Plan, INA Trial, RIN Mutiny, Election and The Cabinet Mission

10. Politics of Separatism:

Communalism, The Muslim League, The Hindu Mahasabha, and the politics of partition

Transfer of power; Independence.

11. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935

(a)Viceroy’s Executive Council and The Imperial Legislative Council

(b)The Government of India Act, 1858 and The Indian Council Act, 1861

(c)The Indian Council Act, 1892

(d)Morley-Minto Reforms,1909 or  Indian Councils Act,1909

(e)Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919

(f)The Government of India Act 1935

12. Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries:

Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.



  1. Respected sir,
    Your notes are very compact and easy to grasp. Since modern india is the very critical and analytical portion of our optional subject, You ofcourse have released our extra burden for preparing notes. If you kindly complete the remaining portion ,as a self study student we will be obliged.
    Thank you,


  2. Sir,
    Please roll back DPPH n DPPGE,,it was really helpful.
    As there is less time left now, its a kind request to restart prelims series.


  3. Sir Please complete all the topics (in all four parts- Ancient, Medieval, Modern, World) , at least those topics which are difficult to understand or difficult to find in standard books.


  4. Sir please activate this hidden(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.


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