(A) Post Independent Modern India
(8)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Backward castes in post – colonial electoral politics
(9)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Tribes in post – colonial electoral politics
(B) Pre-Independent Modern India:
1. European Penetration into India:
(a)The Early European Settlements;The Portuguese and the Dutch;The English and the French East India Companies;
2. British Expansion in India:
Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.
3. Early Structure of the British Raj:
The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;
4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:
(a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement ;Mahalwari Settlement ;
Economic impact of the revenue arrangements ;
Rise of landless agrarian labourers;
Impoverishment of the rural society.
(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce;
Decline of traditional crafts;
Economic Transformation of india ; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.
5. Social and Cultural Developments:
The state of indigenous education, its dislocation;
Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, the Introduction of western education in India;
The rise of press, literature and public opinion;
The rise of modern vernacular literature;
Progress of science;
6 . Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas:
Ram Mohan Roy,
The Brahmo Movement;
Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow Remarriage, child marriage etc.;
The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India;
7. Indian Response to British Rule:
Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including:
- Rangpur Dhing (1783)
- Kol Rebellion (1832)
- Mopla Rebellion in Malabar (1841-1920)
- Santal Hul (1855)
- Indigo Rebellion (1859-60)
- Deccan Uprising (1875)
- Munda Ulgulan (1899- 1900)
- Other peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries
The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, Character, Causes of failure the consequences;
The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post -1857 period;
The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.
8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism:
(b)The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership
(e)The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India
9. Rise of Gandhi, Character of Gandhian nationalism and Gandhi Era:
(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
(l)Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947)
10. Politics of Separatism:
Communalism, The Muslim League, The Hindu Mahasabha, and the politics of partition
Transfer of power; Independence.
11. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935
12. Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries:
Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.