(A) Post Independent Modern India

(1)Consolidation as a Nation: Nehru’s Foreign Policy

(2)India and her neighbours (1947-1964)

(3)Integration of princely states

(4)Princes in electoral politics

(5)Question of national language

(6)The linguistic reorganisation of States

(7)Regionalism and regional inequality

(8)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Backward castes in post – colonial electoral politics

(9)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Tribes in post – colonial electoral politics

(10)Caste and Ethnicity after 1947: Dalit movements

(11)Economic Development and Political Change: Land Reform

(B) Pre-Independent Modern India:

1. European Penetration into India:

(a)The Early European Settlements;The Portuguese and the Dutch;The English and the French East India Companies;

(b)British-French struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars

(d)Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal; Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey, Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim;The Battle of Buxar

2. British Expansion in India:

Mysore; The Marathas; The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.

3. Early Structure of the British Raj:

(a)The early administrative structure; The Regulating Act of 1773,From diarchy to direct control

(b)The Pitt’s India Act  of 1784

(c)The Charter Act of 1793 and 1813

(d)The Charter Act of 1833

The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule;

The English utilitarian and India

4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:

(a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement; Ryotwari Settlement ;Mahalwari Settlement ;

Economic impact of the revenue arrangements ;

Commercialization of agriculture

Rise of landless agrarian labourers;

Impoverishment of the rural society.

(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce;


Decline of traditional crafts;

Drain of wealth

Economic Transformation of india ; Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postal services; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European business enterprise and its limitations.

5. Social and Cultural Developments:

The state of indigenous education, its dislocation;

Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, the Introduction of western education in India;

The rise of press, literature and public opinion;

The rise of modern vernacular literature;

Progress of science;

Christian missionary activities in India

6 . Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas:

Ram Mohan Roy,

The Brahmo Movement;

Devendranath Tagore;

Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar

The Young Bengal Movement

Dayanada Saraswati; The social reform movements in India including Sati, widow Remarriage, child marriage etc.;

The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India;

Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi Movements

Islamic revivalism – the Wahabi Movements

7. Indian Response to British Rule:

Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries including:

The Great Revolt of 1857 – Origin, Character, Causes of failure the consequences;

The shift in the character of peasant uprisings in the post -1857 period;

The peasant movements of the 1920s and 1930s.

8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism:

(a)Politics of Association before Congress

(b)The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesis relating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of Early Congress; the social composition of early Congress leadership

(c)The Moderates and Extremists

(d)The Partition of Bengal (1905),The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement

(e)The Split in the Surat Congress, 1907

(e)The beginning of revolutionary extremism in India

(f)Home Rule Movement

(g)Lucknow Pact 1916

9. Rise of Gandhi, Character of Gandhian nationalism and Gandhi Era:

(a)Philosophy and Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi

(b)Rise of gandhi,Gandhi ‘s popular appeal, Early activism, Rowlatt Satyagraha 

(c)Khilafat Movement; Non-cooperation Movement

(d)The Swarajists, Constructive Works and Bardoli Satyagraha

(e)Simon Commission

(f)The Nehru Report, Delhi Proposal and Jinnah’s Fourteen Demands

(g)The two phases of the Civil Disobedience Movement ;The Round Table Conferences,Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Communal Award,Poona Pact

(h)Nationalism and the Peasant Movements

(i)Nationalism and Working class movements

(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

(k)Praja Mandal Movements in Princely States

(l)Women and Indian youth and students in Indian politics (1885-1947)

(m)The election of 1937 and the formation of ministries

(n)August Offer, Individual Satyagraha and Cripps Mission(1939-1942)

(m)The Quit India Movement (1942-1944)

(n)Rajaji Formula,The Wavell Plan, INA Trial, RIN Mutiny, Election and The Cabinet Mission

10. Politics of Separatism:

Communalism, The Muslim League, The Hindu Mahasabha, and the politics of partition

Transfer of power; Independence.

11. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935

(a)Viceroy’s Executive Council and The Imperial Legislative Council

(b)The Government of India Act, 1858 and The Indian Council Act, 1861

(c)The Indian Council Act, 1892

(d)Morley-Minto Reforms,1909 or  Indian Councils Act,1909

(e)Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919

(f)The Government of India Act 1935

12. Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries:

Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the Madras Presidency, Outside India.

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  • Anonymous

    please complete rest part soon

    • SAM

      “(e)Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and Government of India Act, 1919 ” IS MISSING INSTEAD IT IS MORLEY MINTO INSTEAD PLEASE CORRECT IT.

      • SAM

        “(d)The Swarajists, Constructive Works and Bardoli Satyagraha” SAYS PAGE NOT FOUND, KINDLY CHECK IT.

      • Thanks SAM for pointing out mistakes. It has been corrected.

  • thanks

  • shashank

    good job .please mention the sources too. thank you

  • Parth

    Please update British Expansion in India

  • annuj


  • Ravindranath

    Very helpful..Please upload the remaining topics

  • Arun

    Sir, you started this wonderful blog and hats off to you.But please complete the remaining topics in every section atleast in History.

  • PM

    Great work sir

  • ASK

    Thank u sir…great work.. plz complete as early as possible..

  • kavinder

    very helpful
    thank you sir

  • Anand more

    Sir please classify the solved questions under the syllabus headings which will be easy to approach!!

  • Stranger

    Respected sir,
    Your notes are very compact and easy to grasp. Since modern india is the very critical and analytical portion of our optional subject, You ofcourse have released our extra burden for preparing notes. If you kindly complete the remaining portion ,as a self study student we will be obliged.
    Thank you,

  • yash

    why some topics of syllabus mentioned above cant be accessed

  • Atul

    Plz sir complete remaining topics of history optional syallbus…nice notes.. Thanking u…

  • xman

    kindly upload the rest portion sir

  • keerthana A R

    plz complete the modern history part …..

  • This forum has comprehensive, crisp and to the point relevant content. Your efforts are really appreciable.
    Please complete the remaining portion as well.
    Good luck team!
    Thanks! 🙂

  • MK

    Please roll back DPPH n DPPGE,,it was really helpful.
    As there is less time left now, its a kind request to restart prelims series.

  • Sir/mam
    Simon Commission is not opening

  • Abinesh

    Please complete the remaining portion soon.Your notes are very useful.

  • RB

    Complete rest of the parts soon.
    PS- Your website is awesome.

  • ias in making

    upload modern history topics pls

  • Mohamed Irfan Ali

    just Awesome compilation of information.

  • Jagadeesha E

    Sir please complete d remaining topics,,,it would b great help to students of history

  • Finish this portion also.

  • Sir some links are not opening! Please tell me a way to access all this links!

  • santosh

    Sir please The mention sources of every topic,that would help us lot….thank you It is very useful material

  • santosh

    Please shall you provide me some of topic were blocked from the site. I need sir I am preparing those topic like Raj rammohan roy

    • Those topics are not uploaded yet… will try to upload those topics

  • some topic is missing

  • ram mohan roy is not opening sir

  • amol

    wondrous job

  • shradha nesari

    plz complete the remaining part sir

  • xxlrxx

    Thank you so much for your notes sir!
    Please add the parts in grey soon.

  • Sir please complete all the other notes

  • manali

    thank u u solved my problem of optional

  • Moti Prakash Panda

    Sir Please complete all the topics (in all four parts- Ancient, Medieval, Modern, World) , at least those topics which are difficult to understand or difficult to find in standard books.

  • Bharat tondare

    Sir activate the hidden links

  • mehak Preet

    Sir please activate the other strands in the national movement revolutionaries

  • Mehak Preet

    Sir please activate this hidden(j)The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party ; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.

  • saurabh

    Dear sir, Could you please upload the material in Hindi so that Hindi medium students also get benefit….

  • SANJ

    Kindly complete all sections here as it is very much helpful in consolidated preparation.

  • Pankaj chaudhary

    Pleaseeeee complete rest parts

  • sushma

    why some chapters are not accessable?