Archaeological sources: Exploration, Excavation, Epigraphy, Numismatics and Monuments.
- Indigenous: Primary and secondary ; poetry, scientific literature, literature , literature in regional languages, religious literature.
- Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
2. Pre-history and Proto-history:
The Neolithic-Chalcolithic Cultures Outside The Indus System
3. Indus Valley Civilization:
4. Megalithic Cultures:
5. Aryans and Vedic Period:
Expansions of Aryans in India
Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from Rig Vedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life; Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.
6. Period of Mahajanapadas:
7. Mauryan Empire:
Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire , Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra; Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art, architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion; Literature. Disintegration of the empire
8. Post – Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas):
Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture, culture, literature and science.
9. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India:
Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration , economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhist centres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.
10. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas:
Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas: Polity and administration , Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Land grants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.
11. Regional States during Gupta Era:
Chalukyas of Badami;
Polity and Administration, Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions.
Tamil Bhakti movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and temple architecture;
Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity and administration; Cultural aspects.
Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni,
The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration; local Government ; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institution of temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy and society.
12. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History:
Languages and texts,
Major stages in the evolution of art and architecture,
Major philosophical thinkers and schools: Shaktism, Tantricism and other schools
Ideas in Science and Mathematics.