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What were the weaknesses and difficulties of the Weimer Republic? How did Hitler succeed in establishing his dictatorship?

What were the weaknesses and difficulties of the Weimer Republic? How did Hitler succeed in establishing his dictatorship? ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: After Germany lost the First World War, the German Emperor Kaiser fled and a new democratic government of Germany was declared in February 1919 at the small town of Weimar, hence called Weimar Republic. Weaknesses […]

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Discuss the main characteristics of Fascism.

Discuss the main characteristics of Fascism. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The fascism of Mussolini had the following main characteristics: Apart from other things, “The Doctrine of Fascism”, an essay attributed to Benito Mussolini and first published in the Enciclopedia Italiana of 1932, gives us main clue about characteristics of Fascism. “The Doctrine of Fascism” as an authoritative […]

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How did the policy of appeasement escalate the problem of Nazi aggrandizement?

How did the policy of appeasement escalate the problem of Nazi aggrandizement? ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Appeasement was the policy followed by the British and later by the French, of avoiding war with aggressive powers such as Germany, Italy and Japan, by giving way to their demands, provided they were not too unreasonable. Appeasement was mainly a British […]

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“The turn of the tide against the Kuomintang, consequently, was due as much to its weakness as to Communist strength.” Comment.

“The turn of the tide against the Kuomintang, consequently, was due as much to its weakness as to Communist strength.” Comment.  ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: When the Japanese were defeated in 1945, the Kuomintang (KMT) under leadership of Chiang and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) under the leadership of Mao became locked in the final struggle for […]

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“For a tired and timid generation Metternich was the necessary man.” Comment.

“For a tired and timid generation Metternich was the necessary man.” Comment.  ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Metternich was an Austrian Statesman who dominated the politics of Europe from 1815 to 1848 so much that this period is called the “Age of Metternich” and his policies are called the “Metternich System”. According to British Historian Prof Alison Phillips, […]

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“The Manchurian crisis decided the fate of the league of Nations.” Comment.

“The Manchurian crisis decided the fate of the league of Nations.” Comment. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The Manchurian crisis In the 1930s there was a world-wide economic depression. Japan tried to overcome the depression by building up an empire. In 1931, Japanese troops invaded the Chinese territory of Manchuria and threw out the Chinese. China asked the League […]

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Why did Vietnam go through thirty years of war after the Second World War?

Why did Vietnam go through thirty years of war after the Second World War? ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Indo-China consisting of three areas (Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia) was part of the French Empire in the South East Asia. Vietnam went through three decades of war between 1946 to 1975 which can be divided in two phases: First […]

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The Arab nationalism had a peculiar character. It stood for nation independence for separate Arab States as well as for the unity of all Arabs irrespective of their state boundaries.” – Examine.

The Arab nationalism had a peculiar character. It stood for nation independence forseparate Arab States as well as for the unity of all Arabs irrespective of their state boundaries.” – Examine. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Arab nationalism had its origin when Arab nations had revolted against Ottoman (Turkish) domination during the First World War. Arabs also questioned the […]

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“The Brussels Treaty of 17 March, 1948 paved the way for the formation of NATO.” Comment.

“The Brussels Treaty of 17 March, 1948 paved the way for the formation of NATO.” Comment. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The large-scale demobilization of allied forces at the end of the Second World War had contrasted sharply with the maintenance of Soviet military forces. In a few short months, any remaining illusions that the war-time alliance with […]

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Write a critical note on the process of decolonization accelerated by the Second World War.

Write a critical note on the process of decolonization accelerated by the Second World War. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans:           At the end of the Second World War in 1945, the nations of Europe still claimed ownership of vast areas of the rest of the world, particularly in Asia and Africa. Britain’s Empire was the largest in area, consisting […]

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