Categories Selfstudyhistory.com

To what extent did the process of commercialization of agriculture affect the rural scene in India? 

To what extent did the process of commercialization of agriculture affect the rural scene in India? ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Extent upto which the process of Commercialisation of agriculture affected the rural India (1) Increase in inequality Commeralisation should have acted as a catalyst in increasing agricultural productivity. But, in reality this did not happen due to poor agricultural […]

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“In terms of administrative structure, the government of India act of 1858, meant more continuation than change.” do you agree? Substantiate.

“In terms of administrative structure, the government of India act of 1858, meant more continuation than change.” do you agree? Substantiate.  ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Although in India demands were always raised for the abolition of the Company rule, earlier the British government was not so sure about such a measure. The charter of 1833 was renewed […]

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Modern India: Previous Years’ Questions with Solutions [UPSC]

Modern India: Previous Years’ Questions with Solutions Click here to get enrolled to access previous years solved papers 1. European Penetration into India (The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The English and the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; Carnatic Wars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs […]

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“Railway development in India provides an interesting instance of private enterprise at public risk”. Critically evaluate.

“Railway development in India provides an interesting instance of private enterprise at public risk”. Critically evaluate. ©selfstudyhistory.com The construction of Railways in India by British colonists was entirely for the purpose of furthering the British interest. Lord Dalhousie took great interest in railway projects for military and economic reasons. He thought that railway would increase striking […]

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Discuss as to why the congress accepted the partition of India in 1947.

Discuss as to why the congress accepted the partition of India in 1947. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Congress had two fold task during freedom movements: (a) Integrating diverse classes, communities, groups and regions into a nation. (b) Securing independence from British rulers for this emerging nation. While congress succeeded in building up a nationalist consciousness sufficient to exert […]

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Analyze the social composition of the early Congress leadership.

Analyze the social composition of the early Congress leadership.  ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The social base of the early Congress was unmistakably narrow. It had uneven representation and total exclusion of non-elite groups of Indian society. The Composition of the delegates at the first congress reflected the changing patterns of organised political life in India, the western […]

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“The Arya Samaj may quite logically be pronounced as the outcomes of conditions imported into India by the west.” (Lala Lajpat Rai). Comment. 

“The Arya Samaj may quite logically be pronounced as the outcomes of conditions imported into India by the west.” (Lala Lajpat Rai). Comment.  ©selfstudyhistory.com Arya Samaj was founded by Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 as a socio-religious movement which aimed at reforming Hinduism through propagation of the infallibility of Vedas as the source of all truths. […]

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Discuss ‘the safety valve’ theory. Does it satisfactorily explain the foundation of the Indian National Congress? OR “The ‘safety-valve thesis’ does not adequately explain the birth of the Indian National Congress in 1885.” Critically examine. 

Discuss ‘the safety valve’ theory. Does it satisfactorily explain the foundation of the Indian National Congress?  OR “The ‘safety-valve thesis’ does not adequately explain the birth of the Indian National Congress in 1885.” Critically examine. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The Safety-valve thesis was a conspiracy theory relating to the birth of the Congress. The thesis originated from William […]

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Orientalism produced a knowledge of the past to service the needs of the Colonial States.” Elucidate.

Orientalism produced a knowledge of the past to service the needs of the Colonial States.” Elucidate. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: British Orientalism in India was the 18th century administrative policy of the East India Company favouring the preservation of Indian languages, laws and customs. The period of Orientalism can be said to begin from 1773 with Warren Hastings […]

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“Nehru’s ‘temple of Modern India’ consisted not only of steel and power plants, irrigation dams, but included institutions of higher learning, particularly in the scientific field.” Elaborate.

“Nehru’s ‘temple of Modern India’ consisted not only of steel and power plants, irrigation dams, but included institutions of higher learning, particularly in the scientific field.” Elaborate. ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: In 1954, Nehru,  while inaugurating Bhakra Nangal Dam, had described public sector enterprises (PSEs) as ‘temples of modern India’. Nehru declared that India’s economic policy must […]

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