GS Prelims Previous Years Question Paper- 1998 (Part 1)

GS Prelims Previous Years Question Paper- 1998 (Part 1)

1. The water pollution in river is measured by the dissolved amount of
(a) Chlorine (b) Ozone (c) Nitrogen (d) Oxygen

2. Some time back, the Government of India, decided to delicense `white goods’ industry. `White goods’ include
(a) stainless steel and alumunium utensils
(b) milk and milk products
(c) items purchased for conspicuous consumption
(d) soaps, detergents and other mass consumption goods

3. Examine the following three statements
1. Processed meat is a perishable food.
2. All perishable foods are packed in sealed tins.
3. Sealed tins sometimes do not contain processed meat.
Which one of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements ?
(a) Sealed tins always contain perishable food
(b) Processed meat is sometimes not packed in sealed tins.
(c) Processed meat is always packed in sealed tins. (d) Non-perishable foods are never packed in sealed tins.

4. What is the correct sequence of the following Indian states in descending order of their length of surface roads per 100 km2 of their area?
1. Haryana 2. Maharashtra 3. Punjab 4. Tamil Nadu
(a) 4, 3, 2, 1 (b) 4, 3, 1, 2 (c) 3, 4, 1, 2 (d) 3, 4, 2, 1

5. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer
List I List II
A. Potassium bromide 1. Fertiliser
B. Potassium nitrate 2. Photography
C. Potassium sulphate 3. Bakery
D. Monopotassium tartarate 4. Gunpowder
A&sp; B C D A B C D
(a) 2 4 1 3 (b) 2 4 3 1
(c) 4 2 3 1 (d) 4 2 1 3

6. The four railway junctions shown by numerals 1, 2, 3, 4 on the rough outline map of Gujarat are respectively
(a) Patanpur, Mahesana, Ahmedabad and Vadodara
(b) Mahesana, Surendranagar, Rajkot and Junagarh
(c) Palanpur, Kanda, Bhuj and Okla
(d) Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bhavnagar and Broach

7. The damage to the Spektr Module of the Russian Space Station Mir was due to
(a) collision with a Soyuz cargo ship
(b) faulty material design of the Spektr Module
(c) explosion inside the space station
(d) collision with an asteroid

8. The misery index is the sum of a country’s unemployment and inflation rate. The higher the index, the more miserable a is the country to live in. The figure given below is the Misery Index for various countries in Europe

Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the misery index given above?
1. Britain is the most miserable country to live in.
2. The inflation rate in Spain is less than than in Belgium and Britain.
3. Italy and France seem to have almost identical unemployment rate.
4. The higher the misery index the higher the inflation rate.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
(a) 1 alone (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) None

9. The meeting of G-15 countries held in Malayasia in 1997 was attended by
(a) 14 member countries
(b) 15 member countries
(c) 16 member countries
(d) 17 member countries

10. Olympics 2004 is to be held in
(a) Johannesberg (b) Capetown (c) Rome (d) Sydney

11. Which one of the following elements is essential for the construction of nuclear reactors?
(a) Cobalt (b) Nickel (c) Zirconium (d) Tungsten

12. The educated middle class in India
(a) opposed the revolt of 1857
(b) supported the revolt of 1857
(c) remained neutral to the revolt of 1857
(d) fought against native rulers

13. Which one of the following regions of the world supplies the maximum of our imported commodities (in terms of rupee value)?
(a) Africa (b) America (c) Asia and Oceania (d) Europe

14. The currency of the proposed European Monetary Union will be
(a) Dollar (b) Euro (c) Guilder (d) Mark

15. Which one of the following was the venue for the preliminary talks between the Sri Lankan Government and representatives of Tamil United Liberation Front and other militant groups ?
(a) New Delhi (b) Colombo (c) Thimpu (d) Madras

16. Consider the following statements regarding asteroids
1. Asteroids are rocky debris of varying sizes orbiting the Sun.
2. Most of the asteroids are small but some have diameter as large as 1000 km
3. The orbit of asteroids lies between orbits of Jupiter and Saturn.
Of these statements
(a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct (b) 2 and 3 are correct
(c) 1 and 2 are correct (d) 1 and 3 are correct

17. ‘MERCOSUR’ consists of group of countries of
(a) Africa (b) Asia (c) Latin America (d) South East Asia

18. Which one of the following countries has replaced Italy as the major importer of bauxite from India ?
(a) Canada (b) Greece (c) Ukraine (d) United Arab Emirates

19. Lord Mountbatten came to India as Viceroy along with specific instruction to
(a) balkanize the Indian sub-continent
(b) keep India united if possible
(c) accept Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan
(d) persuade the Congress to accept partition

20. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the states (labeled 1, 2, 3 and 4) of India shown on the map in descending order in terms of their available ground water-resources for irrigation?
(a) 3, 4, 1, 2
(b) 3, 4, 2, 1
(c) 4, 3, 1, 2
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1

21. Consider the following statements
The price of any currency in international market is decided by the
1. World Bank.
2. demand for goods/services provided by the country concerned.
3. stability of the government of the concerned country.
4. economic potential of the country in question.
Of these statements
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct (b) 2 and 3 are correct
(c) 3 and 4 are correct (d) 1 and 4 are correct

22. Consider the following statements
Coke is one of the materials of the charge added to blast furnace for the production of steel/iron. Its function is to
1. act as a reducing agent.
2. remove silica associated with the iron ore
3. function as fuel, to supply heat.
4. act as an oxidizing agent.
Of these statements
(a) 1 and 2 are correct (b) 2 and 4 are correct
(c) 1 and 3 are correct (d) 3 and 4 are correct

23. A consumer is said to be in equilibrium, if
(a) he is able to fulfill his need with a given level of income
(b) he is able to live in full comforts with a given level of income
(c) he can fulfill his needs without consumption of certain items
(d) he is able to locate new sources of income

24. Production of Rice and Wheat
(In millions of Tonnes)
Year Rice Wheat Percentage of Wheat to Rice
1950-51 20.58 6.46 31.4
1960-61 34.58 11.00 31.8
1970-71 42.22 23.83 56.4
1980-81 53.63 36.31 67.7
1990-91 74.29 55.14 74.2
1994-95 81.81 65.77 80.4
1995-96 79.62 62.62 78.6
The above table indicates the performance in India in rice and wheat production from 1950-51 to 1995-96. Which of the following conclusions arrived at from the above table would be valid?
1. Record production of rice as well as wheat has been in 1994-95
2. The ratio of wheat to rice production seems to have steadily increased over 16 years
3. Wheat has not been popular among the Indian population before 1980.
4. India became self-sufficient in rice and wheat only after 1990.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 (d) None

25. Among the Indian states shown labeled 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the rough outline map given, the correct sequence of descending order of percent of scheduled tribe population to their total population is :
(a) 1, 3, 2, 4 (b) 3, 1, 2, 4 (c) 3, 1, 4, 2 (d) 1, 3, 4, 2

26. Which one of the following sets of states stands to benefit the most from the Konkan Railway?
(a) Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
(b) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra
(d) Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu

27. The supply-side economics lays greater emphasis on the point of view of
(a) producer (b) global economy (c) consumer (d) middle-man

28. Which one of the following languages belongs to the Austric group ?
(a) Maratlti (b) Ladakhi (c) Khasi (d) Tamil

29. Which one of the following metals does not form amalgams?
(a) Zinc (b) Copper (c) Magnesium (d) Iron

30. Indonesian forest fire in 1997 was caused by
(a) greenhouse effect (b) depletion of ozone laver
(c) EL Nino effect (d) None of the above

31. LMNOP, is semicircle with center at R and diameter LP, LSRand RQP are also semicircles with centers at T and U and diameters LR= RP =1 /2 LP. The ratio of perimeters of LMNOP and LSRQP us
(a) 0.75: 1
(b) 1:1
(c) 1 : 0.75
(d) 1.25: 1

32. Match the following research institutes A, B, C and D with their respective location labelled as 1 to 6 in the given rough outline map :

Select the correct answer using the codes given below
A. Central Drug Research Institute
B. National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation
C. National Institute of Ocean Technology
D. Temperate Forest Research Centre
(a) 4 3 2 6
(b) 4 5 1 6
(c) 2 3 4 5
(d) 1 6 2 3

33. Bharat Ratna was awarded in 1997 to
(a) Dr. Homi Bhabha (Posthumous)
(b) Former President R. Venkataraman
(c) Satyajit Ray (Posthumous)
(d) Dr. Abdul Kalam

34. Which of the following statements are true about the Indian born woman astronaut Kalpana Chawla ?
1. She was born in Karnal.
2. She flew on board the shuttle flight STS – 87.
3. She was trained at the Kennedy Space Centre.
4. She did a space-walk to retrieve the Spartan Satellite.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 4

35. A man purchases two clocks A and B at a total cost of Rs. 650. He sells A with 20% profit and B at a loss of 25% and gets the same selling price for both the clocks. What are the purchasing price of A and B respectively
(a) Rs. 225 ; Rs. 425
(b) Rs. 250 ; Rs. 400
(c) Rs. 275 ; Rs. 375
(d) Rs. 300 ; Rs. 350

36. A fuse is used in main electric supply as a safety device. Which one of the following statements about the fuse is correct ?
(a) It is connected in parallel with the main switch
(b) It is made mainly from silver alloys
(c) It must have a low melting point
(d) It must have a very high resistance

Directions :- The following fourteen items consist of two statements, one labelled as ‘Assertion A and the other labelled as ‘Reason R’. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and the Reason R are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select the your answers to these items using the codes given below and mark your answer sheet accordingly.

(a) Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true

37. Assertion A : The Gandhara School of Art bears the mark of Hellenistic influence.
Reason R : Hinayana form was influenced by that art.

38. Assertion A : Formic acid is a stronger acid than acetic acid.
Reason R : Formic acid is an organic acid.

39. Assertion A : At first the Turkish administration in India was essentially military.
Reason R : The country was parcelled outas’Iqtas’ among leading military leaders.

40. Assertion A : According to Asoka’s edicts social harmony among the people was more
important than religious devotion.
Reason R : He spread ideas of equity instead of promotion of religion.

41. Assertion A : The temperature of a metal wire rises when an electric current is passed
through it.
Reason R : Collision of metal atoms with each other releases heat energy.

42. Assertion A : The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of the.
National Movement.
Reason R : There was a predominant elements of anti-imperialism in both the National
and Khilafat Movement.

43. Assertion A : Phenyl is used as a household germicide. Phenyl is a phenol derivative and
phenol is an effective germicide.
Reason R : Phenyl is a phenol derivative and phenol is an effective germicide

44. Assertion A : Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the Moderates role in the Indian
freedom movement.
Reason R : The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the Extremists from
the Moderates.

45. Assertion A : The first ever Bill to make primary education compulsory in India was rejected in 1911
Reason R : Discontent would have increased every cultivator could read

46. Assertion A : Sodium metal is stored under kerosene
Reason R: Metallic sodium melts when exposed to air

47. Assertion A : The cngress rejected the cripps proposals
Reason R : The cripps Mission consisted solely of whites

48. Assertion A : The United States of America has threatened to ask the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to apply sanctions against the developing countries for the non-obsergance of I.L.O. conventions
Reason R : The United States of America itself has adopted and implemented those I.L.O.

49. Assertion A :During the reign of Shahjahan, Dara Sikoh was sent on expedition to Balkha,
Badakhshan and Qandahar.
Reason R :The expedition sent by Shahjahan to the Middle-East was a marvellous success

50. Assertion A : Gandhi stopped the Non-Co-operation Movement in 1922.
Reason R : Violence at Chauri Chaura led him to stop the movement.

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