[Topic wise IAS World History Question Bank (1979-2015)]: (9) Liberation from Colonial Rule

Liberation from Colonial Rule: (i) Latin America-Bolivar (ii) Arab World-Egypt (iii) Africa-Apartheid to Democracy (iv) South-East Asia-Vietnam

1. “The period 1919 to 1945 is important in the history of Egypt for the explanation of its resources by Great Britain and rise of strong nationalism.” Discuss. [1980, 60 Marks]

2. “….. nascent nationalism in Indo-China developed within both an Asian and a European context with but scanty reference in either case to traditionalist considerations.” [1982, 20 Marks]

3. “Mehemet Ali, half an illiterate barbarian, half a consummate statesman, was wholly a genius.” Comment. [1982, 20 Marks]

4. Identify the main strands in the Egyptian nationalist movement in the first half of the present century and explain the role played in it by Zaghlul Pasha. [1983, 60 Marks]

5. Identify the main strands in the Nationalist Movement in Indonesia between the two World Wars. How did Japanese occupation of land influence the course of the Movement? [1984, 60 Marks]

6. “Mohammad Ali combined ambition with perspicacity to a greater degree than any other Oriental ruler of the nineteenth century.” Comment. [1985, 20 Marks]

7. “One of the last Strongholds – of oil imperialism and European colonialism it (Middle East) cultivates a fiery nationalism as a weapon against foreign oppression.” Comment. [1987, 20 Marks]

8. Trace the growth of Arab nationalism after the, First World War. How far was it a reaction to oil imperialism? [1989, 60 Marks]

9. How did the Japanese occupation of South-East Asian countries during the Second World War give a boost to nationalize in the regions? Explain with examples.[1990, 60 Marks]

10. Arab Nationalism and Oil- these were the principal factors complicating the relations of the West Asian countries with the outside world. Do you agree? [1993, 60 Marks]

11. “Asian Nationalism is just a product of Western impact on the Asian intelligemtsia in the last decades of the nkneteenth century.” Comment. [1994, 20 Marks]

12. Turkish renaissance guided by Kemal Pasha revolutionized the Turkish life a many levels. Amplify. [1996, 60 Marks]

13. Discuss the aims of the establishment of the Arab League and assess it role in safeguarding the interests of the Arab nations. [2001, 60 Marks]

14. “The decolonization led to the break-up of empires.” Comment. [2001, 20 Marks]

15. Give a brief account of the struggle against ‘Apartheid’ in South Africa. [2006, 60 Marks]

16. “Arab nationalism and oil – these were the principal Factors in complicating the relations of middle eastern countries with the outside world.” [2009, 30 Marks]

17. Why did Vietnam go through thirty years of war after the Second World War? [2009, 30 Marks]

18. “The Capitalism which gave the European empires their apparant solidarity and permanance also hastened their downfall.” Comment. [2009, 20 Marks]

19. Explain how American imperialism in Philippines differed with European imperialism in Indonesia and Indo-China? [2011, 30 Marks]

20. The Arab nationalism had a peculiar character. It stood for nation independence for separate Arab States as well as for the unity of all Arabs irrespective of their state boundaries.” – Examine. [2012, 30 Marks]

21. “There must be an end to white monopoly on political power, and a fundamental restructuring of our political and economic systems to ensure that the inequalities of apartheid are addressed and our society thoroughly democratized.” Discuss. [2013, 25 Marks]


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