[Topic wise IAS Modern Indian History Question Bank (1979-2015)]: (12) Politics of Separatism and Independence

[Topic wise IAS Modern Indian History Question Bank (1979-2015)]: (12) Politics of Separatism and Independence
Politics of Separatism and Independence: the Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha; Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.

1. Analyze the circumstances, between 1942 and 1947, that led to freedom and partition of India. [1979, 60m]

2. Examine the main aspects of Muslim League politics from 1937 to 1947. Was the partition of the country unavoidable? [1989, 60m]

3. “Lord Mountbatten came with an order to organise retreat, in military parlance an operation.” Comment. [1990, 20m]

4.”Please remember, in granting separate electorates, we are sowing dragon’s teeth the harvest will be bitter.” Comment. [1992, 20m]

5.”Mountbatten’s task was, therefore, merely to work out details and effect the partition, demanded by the League and accepted by both British Government and the Congress; and this the new Viceroy moved commandingly to perform.” Comment. [1993, 20m]

6. “To glorify the strength of the Congress and deny that of the League is to be blind.” (P.C. Joshi, 1945)  Comment.[1994, 20m]

7. The Pakistan movement converted a cultural and religious entity of a people into a separatist political force. Elucidate. [1996, 60m]

8. “Both freedom and partition were the work of Indian middle classes.” Comment. [1998, 20m]

9. Trace the origin and growth of the Indian Muslim League. [1999, 60m]

10.”We are therefore unable to advise the British Government that the power which at present resides in British hands should be handed over to two entirely separate sovereign States.” Comment. [2004, 60m]

11. “I felt that if we did not accept partition, India would be split into many bits and would be ruined.” Comment. [2006,  20m]

12.”Please remember, in granting separate electorates we are sowing the dragons’s teeth and harvest will be bitter.” [2009, 20m]

13. Discuss as to why the congress accepted the partition of India in 1947. [2009, 30m]

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