[Topic wise IAS Medieval Indian History Question Bank (1979-2015)]: (9) Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century

Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
The Empire and the Zamindars
Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
Nature of the Mughal State
Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts
The Ahom Kingdom
Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.
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1. Analyze the religious policy of the Mughal emperors from Akbar to Aurangzeb. How did it affect the stability of the Mughal Empire? [1985, 60m]

2. What were the major features of the administrative system of the Mughal State? To what extent did other Indian powers model their administration on this system in the late medieval period? [1991, 60m]

3. Write a short essay on: “Mughals and the British East India Company.” [1994, 20m]

4. “Aurangzeb is a much maligned monarch.” Argue the case for and against the proposition. [1994, 60m]

5. Changes in the composition of nobility from Akbar to Aurangzeb. Comment. [1995, 20m]
6. Write a short essay on: “Nurjahan” [1998, 20m]

7. Write a short essay on: “Spanish ulcer ruined Napoleon Bonaparte, the Deccan ulcer ruined Aurangzeb.” [1999, 20m]

8. In what ways were Aurangzeb’s Rajput and religious policies different from those of his predecessors? What were the consequences of the changes made by him? [2004, 60m]

9. Write a short essay on: “Dara Shikoh” [2006, 20m]

Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts

1. Analyze the cause of the agrarian crisis of the Mughal Empire and briefly discuss the agrarian aspects of the peasant revolt against the Empire. [1982, 60m]

2. “The major cause of revolts against the Mughal Empire during the latter half of the 17th century was economic, rather than religious.”  Discuss. [2009, 30m]

3. On  the  basis  of  the  accounts  of  Europeans  bring  out  the  agrarian  crisis  of  the  17th century CE India. [2013, 20m]

The Ahom Kingdom

1. Write a short essay on: “The Ahom Kingdom” [2008, 20m]

2. Give a brief account of resistance offered by Ahom State against the Mughal rule. [2014, 10m]

Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom

1. Trace the development of Maratha power under Shivaji. [1980, 60m]

2. Review the efforts made by Shivaji in consolidating his power in the Deccan in the seventeenth century. [1982, 60m]

3. Was Shivaji a nationalist leader? [1985m 20m]

4. Account for the rise of the Marathas as a political power. How did they influence the course of history? [1986, 60m]

5. Shivaji was a great organizer and builder of civil institutions, examine this statement in the light of the difficulties of administration and the extent of success achieved by him. [1992, 60m]

6. Write a short essay on: “Meaning and features of the Maharshtra Dharma.” [1994, 20m]

7. Shivaji’s rise to power cannot be treated as an isolated phenomenon in Maratha history. It was as much the result of his personal daring and heroism as of the peculiar geographical situation of the Deccan country and the unifying religious influences that were animating the people with new hopes and aspirations in the 15th and 16th centuries. Explain. [1996, 60m]

8. Examine circumstances leading to rise of Shivaji. Throw light on his legacy. [1999, 60m]

9. Were the Marathas restricted by their geopolitical limitations from becoming the paramount power of India? [2001, 60m]

10. How did Shivaji organize his administration and finances to consolidate his power? [2010, 30m]

11. Give social background to the rice of the Maratha movement during the seventeenth century. [2012, 10m]

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