GS Mains IAS Previous Years Question Paper 1 – 1989

1. Why did Gandhi launch the No-violent Non-cooperation Movement on the Khilafat question? How were other issues joined to it later on? Discuss the constructive program me of the Non-cooperation Movement.


What was the Cabinet Mission Plan? How was the ‘grouping clause’ fundamental to it? What was its impact on the attitude of the Congress and the League? (About 250 words)        30

2. Answer any two of the following:        15×2=30

(a) ‘The recruitment of Indians to Civil Service was the most important question in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.’ Explain.

(b) How was Jawaharlal Nehru influenced by socialist ideas? How did the Socialist thinking of Nehru and other leaders influence the Congress before 1942?

(c) How did Patel succeed in avoiding the evil consequences of the doctrine of lapse of paramountcy and in integrating Indian States ? (About 150 words each)


3. Answer any three of the following:        10×3=30

(a) Analyse briefly the contribution of religious reform movements to the growth of extremist nationalist movement.

(b) ‘The trial of the INA officers did more harm than good to the British Rule in India.’ Explain.

(c) Describe the main feature of the Panchayati Raj Bills. Does it, in your opinion, modify its federal character?

(d) ‘Tagore’s humanism is a blending of his faith in god man.’ Commment. (About 50 words each)


4. (a) Write about the chief characteristics of the following:

(i) Carnatic music

(ii) Kishangarh style of painting

(iii) Nagara style of architecture

(iv) Neo-art movement of Rabindranath Tagore

(b) what do you know about the following movements ?

(i) Rahnumai Mazda Yasnam

(ii) The Bhagat Movement

(iii) The Wahabi Movement

(c) Where are the following located and why have they been in the news ?

(i) Moga

(ii) Chandipur

(iii) Damansky Island (Chen Pao)

(d) Why have the following become famous ?

(i) Subrahamania Bharati

(ii) Chanipur

(iii) Damansky Brothers

(iv) Panna Lal Patel

(v) Khudiram Bose (two sentence on each)        2×15=30



5. What is Super-301? Why is India concerned about it and how has she reacted to it?


What are the differences in the approaches of India Nepal to the transit-trade question? How is this question complicated by other issues? About 250 words)       35


6. Attempt any three of the following:

(a) Who are the Bodos? Why have they become restive recently?

(b) Why has the Jharkhand Movement acquired prominence? What are its main demands?

(c) Discuss the significance of the 4th SAARC Summit.

(d) What has been the role of the European Parliament? Did the recent elections to it reflect any change to member counties, particularly in Britain? (About 50 words each)                     10×3=30


7. Attempt any six of the following:

(a) What is Sugar Sampada? What has been its contribution?

(b) What is Sardar Sarovar Project? What is the nature of the controversy surrounding it?

(c) What was the Recruit Scandal? What have been its implications?

(d) Why has the Siachen Glacier been in the news? What could be the main purpose behind the Indo-Pak parleys on the issue?

(e) Why has the Tiananmen Square come in the news recently?

(f) Write a short note on the recent shift in the US attitude towards the PLO.

(g) What is the Golden Triangle? Why is it notorious?

(h) Which event marked the outbreak of the French Revolution? What stands at that site today ?

(About 50 words on each)                5×6=30


8. (a) With which game are the following associated:

(i) Konica Cup

(ii) Wellington Trophy

(iii) Snick

(iv) Cue

(b) Who are the following? Why were they in the news recently?

(i) Dr. Verghese Kurien

(ii) Jan Ove Waldner

(iii) Andreas Papendreau

(iv) Helen Suzman

(v) R.S.Pathak

(vi) Carlos Saul Menem

(vii) Fang Lizhi

(viii) Stephen Solarz

(c) (i) Which film won the maximum number of wards in the 36 the National Film Awards-1989 ? Who was its Director?

(ii) Which film won the maximum number of awards for best feature film on National Integration? In which language was it made?

(iii) Which film bagged the best children’s film award and in which language was it made?

(About two sentences each)            2×15=30


9. The Productivity of the traditional varieties of a certain crop in a district was reported to be 80 qtls. / Hectrate. As it was considered to be too low it was decided to introduce High Yielding Varieties (HYN) in the district. In The first year, it was tried in 3200 hectares which yielded 31000 tonnes of the crop. In the next four years, the area under HYV 3400, 3900, 4200 and 4700 hectares respectively and the corresponding yield was 33000, 35100, 33600 and 37600 tonnes.  During this period, the productivity of the traditional varieties remained constant at 80qtls/.hectare.

(a) Present the data relating to HYV in a tabular form.

(b) An agricultural scientist was very unhappy with the above results. What were the reasons of his unhappiness.         12


10. Represent the following data showing the value of exports and imports (in Crores Rupees) by a graph.

Year Exports Imports


















Assuming the rate of growth of imports as well as exports to be uniform during each five-year period, find out the year after which the balance of trade became favorable.


11. (a) In an Assembly election, out of one hundred seats 52 were won by Part A, 26 by Part B and 22 by Party C. But Out of the total Number of valid votes, these parties secured 465, 26% and 28% of votes respectively. How do you explain this phenomenon?                                    5

(b) In a class of 50 students, the average marks obtained by them in a test were 40. Pass marks were 30. The average failed ones were 20 what percentage of students failed?        5


The cost of production of commodity A is lower than that of B by 10%. Both the commodities are sold at a profit of 20%. If 10 tonnes of commodity B were sold for Rs. 6,000, how much same amount of profit?                5


12. The diagram below represents the value of exports of commodities A, B, C, D, E and F. The total value of all exports is Rs. 9,600 crores.

(a) Find out the value in respect of each commodity and present the data in a tabular form.                     12

(b) What should be the more appropriate order in which the commodities may be arranged in a proper Pie Diagram?       3


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