Solution of DPPH: 1 March

1.Which one of the following was the first English language weekly paper to be published from Bombay?

(a) Bombay Courier

(b) Bombay Gazette

(c) Bombay Herald

(d) Bombay Times


2. An important landmark in the history of women’s higher education in Bengal was the foundation of a school in Calcutta in May 1849. Who among the following was its founder?

(a) Hodgson Prett

(b) J.E.D. Bethune

(c) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

(d) Raja Baidyanath Roy


3. Consider the following statements :

1. After Rammohan’s death in 1833 Devendranath Tagore became the leader of the Brahmo Samaj.

2. Devendranath tried to popularise the ideas of Rammohan by founding the Tattvabodhini Sabha, which became a platform for the expression of progressive public opinions and religious views.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


4. Consider the following statements :

1. Prince Shuja gave the East India Company the exemption from payment of the usual customs duty of 4½ per cent in return for an annual payment of 30 lakhs rupees.

2. Murshid Quli Jafar Khan stipulated that the Company’s dastaks could not be used for internal trade.

3. The servants of East India Company sold the dastaks to Indian merchants to enable them to evade the customs duty.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


5. Which Treaty with the Marathas was considered by Warren Hastings as ‘a scrap of paper’?

(a) Mandsor

(b) Surji Arjangao

(c) Gwalior

(d) Purandhar


6. Under whose chairmanship was the first judicial plan prepared under which Bengal, Bihar  and Orissa were divided into districts, and each district was put under a Collector?  

(a) Robert Clive

(b) Warren Hastings

(c) Marques Wellesley

(d) John McPherson


7. With reference to Lord Hastings’s judicial reforms, which one of the following statements is not correct? 

(a) Lord Hastings provided that there was to be a Munsif in every Thana.

(b) Munsifs were allowed to try cases up to the value of Rs. 500 (five hundred).

(c) The decisions of the Munsifs were to be confirmed by the judges of the Diwani Adalat.

(d) The Munsifs were to be appointed by the judges of the Diwani Adalat although the power of approval was left with the Provincial Court of Appeal.

8. Consider the following statements relating to the Councils Act of 1892 :

1. The nationalist agitation forced the British Colonial authorities to make changes in the legislative functioning by the Indian Councils Act to 1892 which enlarged the Imperial and Provincial Legislative Councils.

2. The nationalists were satisfied with the changes made by the Act of 1892.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


9. Which among the following was the chief cause of the Second Anglo-Maratha War?

(a) Wellesley’s desire to destroy the Maratha power

(b) Interference of the English in the mutual conflicts of the Marathas

(c) English intrigues with Peshwa Baji Rao

(d) English intervention in the conflict between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad


10. Which one of the following was no actually part of the original Plan of the Non- Cooperation Movement, but acquired great popularity among the movement in many parts of the country?   

(a) Picketing of shops selling foreign cloth

(b) Boycott of Government schools and colleges

(c) Picketing of toddy shops

(d) Boycott of public transport and communication system


Mains Questions (For History Optional and Mains)
Q. Write a critical note on: “Impact of western contact on social changes in the first half of 19th century.” (200 words)
Q. “India broke her British fetters with Western hammers.” Comment. (200 words)



  1. Hi Sir,

    Can you please provide your comments. Thanks.

    Q. Write a critical note on: “Impact of western contact on social changes in the first half of 19th century.” (200 words)
    When the British came to India they brought with them new ideas such as liberty, equality and human rights from the Renaissance. These ideas appealed to certain sections of the Indian society and led to several reform movements in various parts of the country.
    At the forefront of these movements were visionary Indians such as Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. Many of these reformers believed, given the interconnection between religious beliefs and social practices, religious reformation was a prerequisite for social reform.
    Raja Ram Mohan Roy established Atmiya Sabha in 1814 and Bramho Samaj in 1828 where discussions to fight against sati, polygamy, child marriage and female infanticide commonly took place. Many orthodox communities felt this was a result of western influence. Hence, he constantly referred to Vedas to show that Vedas never encouraged such evil practices. A period of great reform was seen during his time, Lord William Bentick (1828-35) abolished Sati and Female infanticide with the help of Ram Mohan Roy.
    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar fought for female emancipation and the first lawful widow remarriage was performed. Widow reorganization act was passed in 1856. He also established Bethane college for women. Many other associations such as Prarthana Samaj, Paramhans Mandali, Satyasodhak Samaj were established to bring a social and religious change in the society.
    It should be noted that while advocating some western ideas the reformers never rejected Indian tradition and culture. They were aiming at modernization rather than westernization of society.

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