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Liberation from Colonial Rule- Latin America: Part II

Liberation from Colonial Rule- Latin America: Part II Mexico and Central America The independence of Mexico, like that of Peru, the other major central area of Spain’s American empire, came late. As was the case in Lima, Mexican cities had a powerful segment of Creoles and peninsular Spaniards whom the old imperial system had served […]

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Liberation from Colonial Rule- Latin America: Part I

Liberation from Colonial Rule- Latin America: Part I Colonisation of Latin America Extensive European colonization began in 1492, when a Spanish expedition headed by Genoese Christopher Columbus sailed west to find a new trade route to the Far East (India) but inadvertently found the Americas. Columbus’s first two voyages (1492–93) reached the Bahamas and various […]

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Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001: Part II

Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001: Part II Breakup of Yugoslavia Background Yugoslavia—the land of South (i.e. Yugo) Slavs—was created at the end of World War I when Croat, Slovenian, and Bosnian territories that had been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire united with the Serbian Kingdom. After the World War II, Josip Broz Tito (who […]

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Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991; End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower: Part II

Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991; End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower: Part II Effect of Cold War and Effect of end of Cold War After the dissolution […]

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Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991; End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower: Part I

Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World: Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991; End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the lone superpower: Part I Second Cold War (1979–85) The term Second Cold War refers to the period of […]

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Emergence of two power blocs: Part IV

Emergence of two power blocs: Part IV Confrontation through détente (1962–79) Détente is a French word that means ‘A relax in tensions’. Détente is the name given to a period of improved relations during Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. By the 1970s both sides had become interested in accommodations to […]

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Emergence of two power blocs: Part III

Emergence of two power blocs: Part III Thaw and Escalation (1953–62) Extent of ‘thaw’ in the Cold War in the years after 1953: There is no doubt that in some ways East-West relations did begin to improve during 1953, though there were still areas of disagreement and the thaw was not a consistent development. Reasons […]

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Emergence of two power blocs: Part II

Emergence of two power blocs: Part II Beginnings of the Cold War (1947–53) The first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc while the United States began a strategy […]

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Emergence of two power blocs: Part I

Emergence of Two Power Blocs: Part I Towards the end of the war, the harmony that had existed between the USSR, the USA and the British Empire began to wear thin and all the old suspicions came to the fore again. Relations between Soviet Russia and the West soon became so difficult that, although no […]

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American Constitution: Part II

American Constitution: Part II Main features of the US Constitution Written The USA Constitution is written Constitution which is made at Philadelphia convention in 1789. It consists on seven articles. Brief Constitution The USA Constitution is one of the briefest constitution over all the world. It consists on seven articles which are not more than […]

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