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Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau- Part IV

Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau- Part IV The German Enlightenment Hurdles to the German Enlightenment The political, social, and cultural layout of Germany in the eighteenth century inhibited much of the Enlightenment advancements that took place in France. Germany was divided into a number of smaller states, most of which were ruled by despots […]

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Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau- Part V

Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau- Part V Enlightened Despotism/ Enlightened Absolutism Introduction The 18th century (later years of the Enlightenment) is described as a period of Enlightened Despotism or Enlightened Absolutism. Lord Acton called these days the repentance of monarchy. Despotic monarchs in several European countries were inspired by Enlightenment and adopted some of […]

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Eastern Question- Part I

Eastern Question- Part I Eastern Question (or Near Eastern Question) was diplomatic problem posed in the 19th and early 20th centuries It arose as a result of the rise of a national feeling of nationality among the Balkan peoples, declining Turkish (Ottoman) Empire and the divergent interests of Great Powers in the near East. The […]

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Eastern Question- Part IV

Eastern Question- Part IV From Treaty of Paris to the Treaty of Berlin (1856-1878) Futile attempts to bolster up Turkey: At the Treaty of Paris European statesmanship had failed to recognise that the Turkish Empire in Europe was doomed. Powers, specially England sought to bolster up was evidently on the road to destruction, and so […]

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Eastern Question- Part III

Eastern Question- Part III Motives of the different Powers in Crimean War England: England took part in Crimean War because she feared that an aggressive Russia expanding into regions too near the route to lndia would be a serious menace to British interests in the East. It was a cardinal principle of British policy to […]

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Eastern Question- Part II

Eastern Question- Part II Development of the Eastern Question Development of the Eastern Question is basically the beginning of the dismemberment of the Turkish Empire. Revolt of Serbia: The first national rising in the Balkan peninsula took place in Serbia in 1804. For a time the Turks were driven away from Serbia but they regained […]

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Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa

Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa Dutch Colony: The first Europeans to settle in South Africa permanently were members of the Dutch East India Company who founded a colony at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. It remained a […]

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Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part I: Vietnam

Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part I: Vietnam Indo-China consisting of three areas (Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia) was part of the French Empire in the South East Asia. It was the scene of almost non-stop conflict from the end of the Second World War. French colonial system resulted in the limitation of political freedom because […]

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Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part II: Indonesia

Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part II: Indonesia The region now called Indonesia (formerly the Nederlands Indies) is an archipelago consisting of Sumatra, Java, Madura, Bali, Celebes and hundreds of islands extending a little over three thousand miles from Malaya on the west to Borneo on the east. It was the lucrative trade in spices […]

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Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part III: Malaya

Colonisation and Decolonisation: South-East Asia- Part III: Malaya British colonialism in Malaya In 1511, Malacca was conquered by Portugal, after which it was taken by the Dutch in 1641. When did the British come to Malaysia? They first came in the late 1700’s. In 1786, the British Empire established a presence in Malaya, when the […]

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