Categories Selfstudyhistory.com

Rajput painting

Rajput Painting Rajput painting, also called Rajasthani painting, evolved and flourished in the royal courts of Rajputana in northern India, mainly during late 15th to 18th centuries. The Rajasthani paintings have a distinct aesthetic quality. The emergence of this style, in the opinion of Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, from the earlier pre-Turkish traditions (early western Indian […]

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Sikh and Parsi Reform Movements

Sikh Reform Movements The rationalist and progressive ideas of 19th century also influenced the Sikh community. Singh Sabha Movement In 1873 the Singh Sabha movement was founded at Amritsar. Its objective was twofold. It planned to bring to the Sikh community the benefits of Western enlightenment through modern education. It also countered the proselytizing activities […]

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Ramakrishna Movement and Vivekananda

Ramakrishna Movement and Vivekananda The reformist organisations like the Brahmo Samaj in Bengal, which was more modernist in its approach, was weakened after the 1870s by internal dissent and divisions. This was followed by the emergence of the Ramakrishna-Vivekananda movement in the 1880s. While Brahmo Sarnaj‘s appeal was to intellect and its didactic rationalism appealed […]

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Theosophical Society

Theosophical Society The Theosophical Society was founded by Westerners who drew inspiration from Indian thought and culture. Madame H.P. Blavatsky (1831-1891) of Russo-German birth laid the foundation of the movement in the United States in 1875. Later Colonel M.S. Olcott (1832–1907) of the U.S. Army joined her. In 1882 they shifted their headquarters to India […]

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Aligarh Movement

Aligarh Movement A legacy of the Revolt of 1857 was the official impression that the Muslims were the arch conspirators in 1857-58. The Wahabi political activities of 1860s and 1870s confirmed such suspicions. However, a wind of change was perceptible in the 1870s. W.W. Hunter’s book The Indian Musalman made a vigorous plea for reconciling […]

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Islamic revivalism- Ahmedia Movement

Islamic revivalism- Ahmedia Movement / Quadiani Movement Started in around 1899 at a town Quadiyan (Gurudaspur, Punjab) under the leadership of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed of Quadim (1835–1908) who in 1891 claimed that he was a prophet, revivalist (mujaddid), and the messiah (mahdi) anticipated by Muslims to appear towards the end times and bring about, by […]

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Islamic revivalism – the Deoband Movement

Islamic revivalism – the Deoband Movement The orthodox section among the Muslim ulema organised the Deoband Movement. It was a revivalist movement whose twin objectives were:  to propagate among the Muslims the pure teachings of the Koran and the Hadis and to keep alive the spirit of jihad against the foreign rulers. It aimed at […]

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Evaluating various theories regarding the Chola State, throw light on its village assemblies. 

Q. Evaluating various theories regarding the Chola State, throw light on its village assemblies. ©️selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Various theories regarding the Chola State The nature of Chola state has been explained through several models like centralised state model, segmentary state model, feudal state model. The concept of ‘Segmentary State’ model was first developed by an anthropologist […]

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Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore

Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore Ram Mohan Roy (1774-1833) He was one of those upper-caste gentry whose power and position had been enhanced by the Permanent Settlement and other opportunities opened up by colonial rule. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is recognised as the forerunner of Modern India for he embodied the new […]

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