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Write notes on: Chauth and Sardeshmukhi  चौथ और सरदेशमुखी [BPSC, 1993, 2012]

Write notes on: Chauth and Sardeshmukhi  चौथ और सरदेशमुखी [BPSC, 1993, 2012] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were two instruments used by Shivaji and the subsequent Maratha rulers to obtain treasure from the enemy territories invaded. Chauth and sardeshmukhi were the taxes collected generally in the neighbouring territories of the Maratha Kingdom such as Mughal Empire […]

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Describe the different types of Karkhana in Tughlaq Period. तुगलक काल में विभिन्न कारखानों का विवरण दीजिए। [BPSC, 2016]

Describe the different types of Karkhana in Tughlaq Period. तुगलक काल में विभिन्न कारखानों का विवरण दीजिए। [BPSC, 2016] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The new Turkish regime released social forces which created an economic organisation which brought changes to the one that had existed before and it led to the expansion of towns, and craft production. Two […]

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Write essays on: Ziauddin Barani’s Tarikh-i Firoz Shashi. जियाउद्दीन बरनी की तारीखे-फिरोज शाही  [BPSC, 1995]

Write essays on: Ziauddin Barani’s Tarikh-i Firoz Shashi  जियाउद्दीन बरनी की तारीखे-फिरोज शाही  [BPSC, 1995] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Ziauddin Barani (b. 1285), the celebrated author of Tarikh-i-Firoze Shahi, has been rated the greatest of all the contemporary historians of the early medieval India. Barani joined the imperial court under Muhammad bin Tughluq. Tarikh-i-Firoze Shahi Barani started his […]

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Evaluate Alauddin Khilji’s military and market reforms. अलाउद्दीन खिलजी के सेना और बाजार संबंधी सुधारों का मूल्यांकन कीजिए। [BPSC, 2012]

Evaluate Alauddin Khilji’s military and market reforms. अलाउद्दीन खिलजी के सेना और बाजार संबंधी सुधारों का मूल्यांकन कीजिए। [BPSC, 2012] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Alauddin Khilji was the most powerful ruler of the Khalji dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. He is known in history for undertaking various reforms such as land revenue reforms, military reforms and market reforms. […]

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Critically review the Rajput policy of Akbar. अकबर की राजपूत-नीति की आलोचनात्मक समीक्षा कीजिए। [BPSC, 2012]

Critically review the Rajput policy of Akbar. अकबर की राजपूत-नीति की आलोचनात्मक समीक्षा कीजिए। [BPSC, 2012] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: Akbar’s alliance with the Rajputs began as a political coalition but later, it developed into an instrument of closer relations between Hindus and Muslims which formed the basis for a broad liberal tolerant policy towards all, irrespective […]

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Examine the increasing importance of maritime trade of India during thirteenth to fifteenth centuries. तेरहवीं से पन्द्रहवीं शताब्दी के मध्य भारत के सामुद्रिक व्यापार के बढ़ते हुए महत्व का विश्लेषण कीजिए। [BPSC, 2016]

Examine the increasing importance of maritime trade of India during thirteenth to fifteenth centuries. तेरहवीं से पन्द्रहवीं शताब्दी के मध्य भारत के सामुद्रिक व्यापार के बढ़ते हुए महत्व का विश्लेषण कीजिए। [BPSC, 2016] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: During the Sultanat period, as during the earlier period, India remained the manufacturing workshop for the Asian world and adjacent areas […]

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Describe the contribution of Firoz Tughlaq to progress of Agriculture in India. भारत में कृषि की उन्नति में फिरोज तुगलक के योगदान का विवरण कीजिये। [BPSC, 2007]

Describe the contribution of Firoz Tughlaq to progress of Agriculture in India. भारत में कृषि की उन्नति में फिरोज तुगलक के योगदान का विवरण कीजिये। [BPSC, 2007] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: After death of Muhammad bin Tughlaq in 1351, Firoz Tughluq (a cousin of Muhammad Tughlaq) had the unique distinction of being chosen as sultan by the […]

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Write notes on: Public works of Firoz Shah Tughlaq  फिरोजशाह तुगलक का लोक-निर्माण कार्य [BPSC, 2012]

Write notes on: Public works of Firoz Shah Tughlaq  फिरोजशाह तुगलक का लोक-निर्माण कार्य [BPSC, 2012] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: After death of Muhammad bin Tughlaq in 1351, Firoz Tughluq (a cousin of Muhammad Tughlaq) had the unique distinction of being chosen as sultan by the nobles. Firuz Tughlaq tried to revive the tradition of a state […]

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“The advent of the Mauryan dynasty marks the passage from darkness to the light for the historians.” Comment. [BPSC, 64th]

“The advent of the Mauryan dynasty marks the passage from darkness to the light for the historians.” Comment. [BPSC, 64th] ©selfstudyhistory.com Ans: The statement was given by V.A. Smith. Summing up the character of the Mauryan age he said: “The advent of the Mauryan dynasty marks the passage from darkness to light for the historian. […]

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Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Bhakti Movement: Part II

Tamil devotional cult, growth of Bhakti, Bhakti Movement: Part II Impact of the Sufi and Bhakti Movements on vernacular languages: The bhakti and Sufi saints challenged the sanctity of ancient Indian scriptures and Sanskrit language, which had become unintelligible to the masses. selfstudyhistory.com They preached through vernaculars and in the local dialects of the people, […]

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