History Optional Mains Paper I: 2022 [Section B- Medieval India]


Q.5 Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10×5=50


(a) What were ‘Brahmdeya’ grants? How do you account for the large number of such grants in the early medieval period? [10 Marks]

(b) The establishment of large number of urban settlements in North India in the thirteenth century was principally owing to the deployment of Turkish garrisons across the lands. Comment. [10 Marks]

(c) Much of the political instability after the death of Iltutmish was the doing of the Chahalgan. Elucidate. [10 Marks]

(d) The Rajput School of painting was Mughal in style and Rajput in its content. Comment. [10 Marks]

(e) Account for the rise of the Maratha power in the eighteenth century. [10 Marks]


(a) The market regulations of Ala-ud-din Khilji were useful for the Sultan’s military might but harmful for the economy of the Sultanate. Comment. [20 Marks]

(b) Examine the nature of the Mansabdari system during the reign of Akbar. [15 Marks]

(c) Chola maritime expansion was driven largely by the concerns of overseas commerce. Elucidate. [20 Marks]


(a) The Virsashaiva Movement in Southern Deccan in the twelfth century was essentially an attempt at social reform. Discuss. [15 Marks]

(b) The various Gharanas of Hindustani classical music were outcomes of patronage by regional princely courts, rather than central imperial ones. Discuss. [15 Marks]

(c) The prolonged conflict between the Vijayanagara Kingdom and the Bahmani successor states was influenced less by cultural factors, and more by strategic and economic considerations. Comment. [20 Marks]


(a) Trade and commerce in the Mughal Empire brought about the integration of the Indian subcontinent into a single market. Comment. [15 Marks]

(b) Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was a major factor in Mughal decline. Discuss. [15 Marks]

(c) The Vaishnava Bhakti tradition of the fifteenth century contributed to the flourishing of provincial literature. Discuss with appropriate examples. [20 Marks]

Note: All Questions are from our topic wise study materials and PYQ solution.

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