Categories Medieval India

Q. Discuss the foreign policy of Akbar. [UPPSC-2021]

Q. Discuss the foreign policy of Akbar. [UPPSC-2021] Ans: The foreign policy of Akbar largely refers to the steps taken to secure the North- western frontiers of India apart from dealing with the other ruling powers within the Indian subcontinent. There were three major powers to which Mughals had to deal with while executing their […]

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Categories Medieval India

Explore the causes of down-fall of the Mughal empire. [UPPSC-2021]

Q. Explore the causes of down-fall of the Mughal empire. [UPPSC-2021] Ans: The Mughal Empire held sway over a large part of India for nearly three centuries, but a drastic decline in its power and prestige came about by the first half of the eighteenth century. Not only did the political boundaries of the Empire […]

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Categories Medieval India

Q. Give your assessment of Bahlol Lodi’s relation with his nobility. [UPSC-2021]

Q. Give your assessment of Bahlol Lodi’s relation with his nobility. [UPSC-2021] Ans: Bahlol Lodi was the chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe. He founded the Lodi dynasty from the Delhi Sultanate and became sultan is 1451 CE. The Lodis were the last ruling family of the Sultanate period and the first to be headed […]

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Categories Medieval India

सल्तनत काल में अकालो- के प्रभाव व किसान प्रतिक्रिया का विशेष रूप से मुहन्मद-बिन-तुगलक काल के संदर्भ में विवेचन कीजिए। Discuss the outcome of famines and peasant reaction during Sultanate period with special reference to the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. [UPPSC-2011]

Q. Discuss the outcome of famines and peasant reaction during Sultanate period with special reference to the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. [15 Marks] Ans: Famine in sultanate period used to occur at regular intervals. It was the consequence of drought, inundation, increased demand of land revenue, failure of crop, the ravage of war and devastation of […]

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Categories Medieval India

Q. ‘इल्तुतमिश के उत्तराधिकारियों के अन्तर्गत राजसत्ता का जो ह्रास हुआ, उसे शक्ति एवं प्रतिष्ठा देकर बलबन ने पुनः स्थापित किया। इस उद्देश्य की प्राप्ति के लिए उसने क्या उपय किया? “Balban restored the power and prestige of the monarchy after its decline under the successor of llltutmish. What were the measures he adopted to achieve this purpose ? [UPPSC-1996]

Q. ‘इल्तुतमिश के उत्तराधिकारियों के अन्तर्गत राजसत्ता का जो ह्रास हुआ, उसे शक्ति एवं प्रतिष्ठा देकर बलबन ने पुनः स्थापित किया।’ इस उद्देश्य की प्राप्ति के लिए उसने क्या उपय किया? ‘Balban restored the power and prestige of the monarchy after its decline under the successor of llltutmish’. What were the measures he adopted to […]

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Categories Medieval India

Comment on Abul Fazl as a historian (इतिहासकार के रूप में अबुल फजल) [UPPSC-2000]

Q. Comment on Abul Fazl as a historian (इतिहासकार के रूप में अबुल फजल) [UPPSC-2000] Ans: Abul Fazl was one of the Nine Jewels of Akbar’s royal court. He was author of the Akbarnama, the official history of Akbar’s reign. It contains the history of Akbar’s ancestors from Timur to Humayun, Akbar’s reign up to […]

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Categories Medieval India

How did the Bhakti and Sufi saints contribute towards social integration ? भक्ति एवं सूफी सन्तों ने किस प्रकार सामाजिक एकता में योगदान दिया ? [UPPSC-2001]

Q. How did the Bhakti and Sufi saints contribute towards social integration? [UPPSC-2001] Ans: Bhakti and Sufi movements emerged and progressed during the medieval period focused mostly on the devotional surrender and love to the Supreme God. The saints aimed to establish direct communion between God and man through. ©selfstudyhistory.com Advocating egalitarian order, universal brotherhood, […]

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Categories Medieval India

Do you consider Sultan Iltutmish to be the real founder of the Delhi Sultanate? Discuss. [UPSC-2021]

Q. Do you consider Sultan Iltutmish to be the real founder of the Delhi Sultanate? Discuss. [UPSC-2021] Ans: Iltutmish was a slave of Aibak, succeeded him at Delhi in 1210. He was responsible not only for keeping the Delhi Sultanat together, but made it a well-knit and compact State. He may thus be called the […]

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Categories Medieval India

Why is the reign of the Khaljis known as the ‘Khalji Revolution’? [UPSC-2021]

Q. Why is the reign of the Khaljis known as the ‘Khalji Revolution’? [UPSC-2021] Ans: The Khalji Revolution marked the overthrow of the Slave Dynasty (Mamluk dynasty) from Delhi Sultanate and the establishment of the rule of the Khalji dynasty by Jalaluddin Khalji in1290. It was not merely a change in the dynasty but it […]

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Categories Medieval India

Q. “Mughal Painting was on the peak in the period of Jahangir.” Discuss this statement. [66th BPSC/2021]

Q. “Mughal Painting was on the peak in the period of Jahangir.” Discuss this statement. [66th BPSC/2021] Ans: The foundation of the Mughal school of painting was laid by Humayun during his exile in Persia and Afghanistan. Bihzad, the master painter was at the height of his fame at the time. Humayun patronized many of […]

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