Categories Medieval India

KHALJI REVOLUTION: INTERNAL RESTRUCTURING OF THE DELHI SULTANAT AND ITS TERRITORIAL EXPANSION

KHALJI REVOLUTION: INTERNAL RESTRUCTURING OF THE DELHI SULTANAT AND ITS TERRITORIAL EXPANSION The Khilji dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turkic origin. It was founded by Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji and became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. The dynasty is known for their faithlessness and ferocity. Khiljis were vassals of the […]

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Categories Medieval India

PROBLEMS OF A CENTRALISED ALL-INDIA STATE—GHIYASUDDIN AND MUHAMMAD BIN TUGHLAQ (1320-1351)

PROBLEMS OF A CENTRALISED ALL-INDIA STATE—GHIYASUDDIN AND MUHAMMAD BIN TUGHLAQ (1320-1351) The last years of Alauddin Khalji were disturbed by a painful disease, and intense struggle for power among the nobles. Malik Kafur, the malik naib or vice regent who had the complete confidence of Alauddin, gradually eliminated his opponents, and to clear his way to power and […]

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Categories Medieval India

Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate

Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, decline of the Sultanate The long reign of Firuz Tughlaq (1351-88), a cousin of Muhammad Tughlaq, who succeeded him after he left the army in a state of disarray at Thatta, is a watershed in the history of the Delhi sultanat. Firuz Tughlaq tried to revive […]

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Categories Medieval India

Government and Administration under the Delhi Sultanate

Government and Administration under the Delhi Sultanate Delhi Sultanate was shaped by its historical experience of being a part of the wider Islamic world and it changed and evolved as a result of its needs and circumstances. They had to control the resources of the country because (Both had important bearing on the nature of […]

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Categories Medieval India

Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: Agricultural production

Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: Agricultural production The conquest of,Northern India by the Ghorids and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate not only changed the existing political structure but also brought, economic change. The conquerors came with fairly well-defined concepts and practices regarding tax collection and distribution, and system of coinage, etc. But the […]

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Categories Medieval India

The Mongol threat to India during Sultanate period

The Mongol problem during Sultanate period Although India was defended in the North and the North-West by a range of mountains, the Himalayas and their extension, the low mountains in the North-West were pierced by passes like Khybar and the Bolan passes which were the traditional points of entry into India. Afghanistan and its neighbouring areas […]

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Categories Medieval India

Struggle for the establishment of a centralised monarchy and the rule of Balban (1236-1290)

Struggle for the establishment of a centralised monarchy and the rule of Balban (1236-1290)     Razia and the Period of Instability (1236-46) The death of Iltutmish was followed by a decade of political instability at Delhi. During this period, four descendants of Iltutmish were put on the throne and murdered. The main cause of […]

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Categories Medieval India

West and Central Asia between the 10th and 12th centuries, Turkish advance towards India,The Ghurian invasions

West and Central Asia between the 10th and 12th centuries, Turkish advance towards India,The Ghurian invasions West and Central Asia are connected to India geographically across mountain barriers which demarcate India from Central and West Asia but do not pose an insurmountable barrier, like the Himalayas to the north. In consequence, nomadic and semi-nomadic hordes […]

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Categories Medieval India

Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans. Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish (1206-1236)

Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans. Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish (1206-1236) By the time of Muizzuddin Muhammad’s death in 1206, the Turks had been able to extend their sway upto Lakhnauti in Bengal, Ajmer and Ranthambor in Rajasthan, upto the boundaries of Ujjain in the south, and Multan and Uchch in Sindh. […]

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