IAS Mains History 1981

Paper-I
Section A

1. Mark any fifteen of the following on the map supplied to you and give descriptive notes on them:
(i) Ahichchatra
(ii) Aihole
(iii) Bamiyan
(iv) Bharukachcha
(v) Bokhgaya
(vi) Chanhudaro
(vii) Ellora
(viii) Girnar
(ix) Hastinapura
(x) Kalibangan
(xi) Kausambi
(xii) Madurai
(xiii) Mahishmati
(xiv) Muziris
(xv) Nagarjunakonda
(xvi) Poompuhar
(xvii) Purushapura
(xviii) Rajgir
(xix) Shabazgarhi
(xx) Sopara
(xxi) Sravanabelgola
(xxii) Sravasti
(xxiii) Tamralipti
(xxiv) Thanesar
(xxv) Tdsali
(xxvi) Ujjain
(xxvii) Vaisali
(xxviii) Vijayanti
(xxix) Vatapi
(xxx) Vidisa

Ans: Click Here for answer

2. Bring out the elements of change and continuity in the domestic and foreign policies of Ashoka.

Ans: Click Here for answer

3. How far do the coins of the Gupta’s provide clues regarding trends in economy, polity, religion and arts? Discuss them in the light of corroborating evidence from archaeology and literature

Ans: Click Here for answer

4. Discuss critically the main aspects of polity and society under the Pallavas?

Section B

5. Write short answers of not more than 200 words each for any three of the following questions:

(i) How did Sankaracharya seek to integrate the different religions cults in India ?

Ans: Click Here for answer

(ii) What were the aims of Alauddin Khalji behind his market regulations, and how far were they achieved?

Ans: Click Here for answer

(iii) Examine the major contributions of the Sur rulers to the administrative system.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(iv) Why did the Marathas fail in establishing a lasting empire in India?

Ans: Click Here for answer

6. Examine the factors which were responsible for opening and development of European trade in-India during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Ans: Click Here for answer

7. Explain with illustrative detail the part played by the following factors in the disintegration of the Mughal empire:

(a) Aurangzeb’s alleged departure from the policies of his predecessors,

(b) Inherent defects of the Mansab and Jagir system. and

(c) Growth of new political forces in the provinces.

Ans: Click Here for answer

8. Identify the traces of Persian and Rajput traditions and show how they were synthesized in the field of painting, architecture and literature at the Mughal court.

Ans: Click Here for answer

Paper-II
Section A (Modern India)

1. Write critical notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each:

(a) Consequences of the ruin of handicraft industries under the rule of the East India Company.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(b) Impact of western contact on social changes half of 19th century in the first

Ans: Click Here for answer

(c) Significance of the Swadeshi Movement 1905-07 in the freedom struggle.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(d) Gandhiji’s role in solving the communal problem.

Ans: Click Here for answer

2. Trace the circumstances that led to the introduction of the Permanent Settlement in Bengal. Discuss its impact on landlords, peasants and the Government.

Ans: Click Here for answer

3. Give a brief account of the industrial and agricultural policy of the Government of India between 1858 and 1914. How far is it correct to say that it was more in the interest of British capital than the Indian people?

Ans: Click Here for answer

4. Assess the role of the Left Wing within the Indian National Congress between 1920 and 1947.

Ans: Click Here for answer

Section B (Modern World)

5. Write critical notes on any threes of the following in about 200 words each:
(a) Theory of ‘The New imperialism’ after 1870.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(b) Effect of British liberalism on the social or economic life of the people of England.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(c) Lenin’s role in the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Ans: Click Here for answer

(d) Importance of the Opium War in the history of China.

Ans: Click Here for answer

6. Give a critical account of the progress of merchantalism in the 17th century. How far is it correct to say that it paved the way for the Industrial Revolution?

Ans: Click Here for answer

7. ‘Napoleon kindled the national sentiment but German unity was achieved by Bismarck.’ Discuss.

Ans: Click Here for answer

8. What was the culture system in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) during the 19th century? Why was it dismantled?

Ans: Click Here for answer

Advertisements

1 Comment »

Leave a Reply