(Prelims) IAS General Studies Solved Paper With Explanations: 1998 (Part 10)

(Prelims) IAS General Studies – 1998 (Part 10)

136. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer
List-I                                List -II
(Agricultural products)               (Foremost Producer)

A. Cotton                                     1. Madhya Pradesh
B. Gram                                        2. Gujarat
C. Black pepper                           3. West Bengal
D. Pineapple                                 4.  Kearla
A   B  C   D                 A  B  C  D
(a)  2    1   4   3             (b) 2   1  3   4

(c) 1     2   4   3             (d) 1   2   3  4

Ans: a

137. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of decreasing order of the given currencies in terms of their value in Indian Rupees ?
(a) US dollar, Canadian dollar, New Zealand dollar, Hong Kong dollar
(b) US dollar, New Zealand dollar, Canadian dollar, Hong Kong dollar
(c) US dollar, Hong Kong dollar, New Zealand dollar, Canadian dollar
(d) US dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Canadian dollar, New Zealand dollar

Ans: b

138. ‘Eco mark’ is given to the Indian products that are
(a) pure and unadulterated
(b) rich in proteins
(c) environment friendly
(d) economically viable


  • Eco mark is a certification mark issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards (the national standards organization of India) to products conforming to a set of standards aimed at the least impact on the ecosystem.The marking scheme was started in 1991. One of the purposes of the mark is increasing awareness among the consumers towards reducing environment impact.

139.A, B, C, D, E, F and G are members of a family consisting of 4 adults and 3 children, two of whom, F and G are girls. A and D are brothers and A is a doctor. E is an engineer married to one of the brothers and has two children. B is married to D and G is their child. Who is C?
(a) G’s brother    (b) F’s father    (c) E’s daughter     (d) A’s son

Ans: d

  • E is married to A or D. But B is married to D. Thus, E is married to A. Thus, A, B, D, E are the four adults and C, F, G are the three children in the family.
    B and D have a child G.
    A and E have two children. They are C and F.
    Now, only F and G are girls. So, C is a boy.
    Thus, C is A’s or E’s son.

140. Capital Account Convertibility of the Indian Rupee implies
(a) that the Indian Rupee can be exchanged by the authorized dealers for travel
(b) that the Indian Rupee can be exchanged for any major currency for the purpose of trade in goods and services
(c) that the Indian Rupee can be exchanged for any major currency for the purpose of trading financial assets
(d) none of the above

Ans: c

  • Capital account convertibility is a feature of a nation’s financial regime that centers on the ability to conduct transactions of local financial assets into foreign financial assets freely and at country determined exchange rates. It is sometimes referred to as capital asset liberation or CAC.

141. What are the official languages of the U. N. O ?
(a) English, French and Russian
(b) English, French, German and Russian
(c) English, French, Russian, Chinese and Hindi
(d) English, French, Chinese, Russian, Arabic and Spanish

Ans: d

  • The official languages of the United Nations are the six languages that are used in UN meetings, and in which all official UN documents are written when budget allows.
  • The Charter of the United Nations, its 1945 constituent document, did not expressly provide for official languages of the UN. The Charter was enacted in five languages (Chinese, French, Russian, English, and Spanish). In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted rules of procedure concerning languages that purported to apply to “all the organs of the United Nations, other than the International Court of Justice”, setting out five official languages and two working languages (English and French).
  • In 1968, Russian was added as a working language of the General Assembly so that, of the GA’s five official languages, four (all but Chinese) were working languages.
  • In 1973, the General Assembly made Chinese a working language and added Arabic as both an official language and working language of the GA. Thus all six official languages were also working languages.

142. The rough outline map given shows centres if cement industry labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4. Match these centres with the following

     A   B    C   D          A   B   C   D
(a) 3    4    2    1      (b) 2   4     1   3

(c) 1    2    4    3      (d) 2   3     1   4

143. The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitions while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise.” This statement is attributed to
(a) Lord Duferin     (b) Lord Curzon   (c) Lord Lytton     (d) None of the above


144. Economic Survey in India is published officially, every year by the
(a) Reserve Bank of India
(b) Planning Commission of India
(c) Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India
(d) Ministry of Industries, Govt. of India

Ans: c

145. One Astronomical Unit is the average distance between
(a) Earth and the Sun
(b) Earth and the Moon
(c) Jupiter and the Sun
(d) Pluto and the Sun


  • Astronomers use astronomical units – or AU – to describe solar system distances.
  • For general reference, we can say that one astronomical unit (AU) represents the mean distance between the Earth and our sun. The AU is approximately 150 million kilometers or 93 million miles. It is approximately 8 light-minutes. More exactly, one astronomical unit (AU) = 149,597,871 kilometers = 92,955,807 miles

146. Which one of the following ports shown on the rough outline map of India is a riverine port’?

(a) 1    (b) 2      (c) 3      (d) 4
147. Who was the leader of the Ghaddar Party’?
(a) Bhagat Singh
(b) Lala Hardayal
(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(d) V.D. Savarkar

And: b

  • The Ghadar Party was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians, in the United States and Canada with the aim to gaining India’s independence from British rule. Key members included lala Har Dayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and Rashbehari Bose.
  • After the outbreak of World War I, Ghadar party members returned to Punjab to agitate for rebellion alongside the Babbar Akali Movement. In 1915 they conducted revolutionary activities in central Punjab and attempted to organize uprisings, but their attempts were crushed by the British Government.

148. Which of the following Parties were not a part of the United Front which was in power during ’96-97′ ‘?
1. Bahujana Samaj Party.
2. Samata Party:
3. Haryana Vikas Patty.
4. Asom Gana Parishad.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4       (b) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4               (d) 1 and 2

  • Old data, not required

149. World Environment Conference to discuss global warming was held in 1997 in
(a) Stockholm
(b) Riodejaneiro
(c) Paris
(d) Kyoto

Ans: d

150. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer
List-I                                   List-II
A. Blue Vitriol                           1. Sodium Biocarbonate

B. Epsom salt                           2. Sodium Hydrooxide
C. Baking soda                         3. Magnesium Sulphate
D. Caustic soda                        4. Copper Sulphate
A   B  C  D          A   B   C  D
(a) 3   4   2   1     (b) 4    3    2   1

(c) 3   4   1   2     (d) 4    3    1   2

Ans: d

  • Blue vitriol is copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO4·5 H2O. The compound is called blue vitriol because because it can be prepared by oxidizing copper in hot concentrated sulfuric acid (“oil  of vitriol”). Copper(II) sulfate is used in: controlling the growth of algae in waterways, reservoirs, and swimming pools; controlling molds and funguses (as a component of “Bordeaux mixture”); providing dietary copper in animal feeds; copper plating (depositing copper on metal) and electroforming (depositing copper on nonmetals); dying and calico printing, as a mordant (fixative); making Daniell cells, a type of battery popular in the 19th century
  • Epsom salt is not actually salt but a naturally occurring pure mineral compound of magnesium and sulfate. Long known as a natural remedy for a number of ailments, Epsom salt has numerous health benefits as well as many beauty, household and gardening-related uses.
  • Sodium bicarbonate has formula NaHCO3. the salt has many related names such as baking soda, bread soda, cooking soda, and bicarbonate of soda
  • Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye and caustic soda

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