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IAS History Optional Paper- 1 with solution (2015 )

IAS History Optional Paper- 1 with solution (2015 )

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SECTION A

Q.1 Identify the following places marked on the map supplied to you and write a short note of about 30 words on each of them. Locational hints for each of the places marked on the map are given below:

(1) A Neolithic site
(2) A Neolithic site
(3) A Harappan site
(4) A Megalithic site
(5) A Harappan site
(6) A painted-Grey-ware site
(7) An inscriptional site
(8) An important ancient city
(9) An ancient port
(10) A site of ancient cave-painting
(11) A Buddhist site
(12) An educational centre
(13) Brahmadeya Village
(14) An ancient capital
(15) An ancient capital
(16) A temple site
(17) An ancient capital
(18) An ancient sea-port
(19) An archaeological temple site
(20) A Harappan site

map-copy-40.jpg.jpeg

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Q.2
(a) How far can the ancient Indian Sruti literature be used as historical sources? (15 marks)

Answer:

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(b) The decline of Harappan civilization was caused by ecological degradation rather than external invasion. Discuss. (15 marks)

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(c) “Archaeology knows of no Aryans; only literature knows of Aryans.” Examine critically. (10 marks)

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Q.3
(a) How far is it correct to say that changes in the post-Vedic economy gave birth to new religious movements in India? (15 marks)

Answer:

(b) Delineate the nature and impact of India’s contact with Western Asia and the Mediterranean world during the Mauryan period. (15 marks)

Answer:

(c) “Not only does ancient Tamil literature furnish an accurate picture of widely disparate classes; it also describes the social condition of Tamil country as it was.” Discuss. (10 marks)

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Q.4
(a) Trace the role of guilds and trade organizations in the development of early Indian economy. (15 marks)

Answer:

(b) Kailasa Temple built at Ellora marks the culmination of rock-cut architecture in India. Elucidate. (15 marks)

Answer:

(c) How could the local self-government under the Cholas adjust with their centralized administration structure? (10 marks)

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SECTION B

Q.5
Answer the following questions in about 150 words each.

(a) Give a brief account of the early medieval temple architecture of Kashmir. (10 marks)

Answer:

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(b) Why is Mamallapuram famous? (10 marks)

Answer:

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(c) Mention the salient features of the polity of Vijayanagara Empire under Krishnadevaraya. (10 marks)

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(d) What measures did Balban adopt to combat the Mongol menance? (10 marks)

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(e) How does Tuzuk-i-Babri testify that Babar had been a cultured man? (10 marks)

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Q.6
(a) Do the evidences of land ownership at our disposal support the theory of the prevalence of feudalism in early medieval India? (15 marks)

Answer:

(b) Discuss in brief the land-revenue system and judicial administration of the Delhi Sultanate. (15 marks)

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(c) “Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Islamic/Hindu societies to any appreciable extent.” Comment for/against. (10 marks)

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Q.7
(a) Make an estimate of Rana Kumbha as a patron of literature and art. (15 marks)

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(b) Why should the sixteenth century be regarded as the period of Indian Renaissance? (15 marks)

Answer:

(c) “Tantrism, if not in practice, at last on conception level challenged patriarchy.” Examine Tantrism specially keeping in mind the above context. (10 marks)

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Q.8
(a) “In medieval Indian history Akbar was unique for his religio-political ideas and policies.” Analyse this statement. (15 marks)

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(b) Will it not be correct to say that the rural economy in Mughal India was relatively self-sufficient? (15 marks)

Answer:

(c) Compare the Peshwas’ bureaucratic management with that of the Imperial Mughal administration. (10 marks)

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