IAS History Optional Paper- 2 with solution (2015 )

IAS History Optional Paper- 2 with solution (2015 )

(Note: Complete solution will be posted in coming days.)

For Paper 1, Click Here

SECTION A
Q. 1 Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each:                  (10×5 = 50)

(a) “Annexation of Punjab was part of a broad north-west frontier policy set in motion after the exit of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.”

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(b) “The Regulating Act (1773), the Pitt’s India Act (1784) and eventually the Charter Act of 1833 left the East India Company as a mere shadow of its earlier political and economic power in India.”

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(c) “The Indigo Revolt of 1859-60 holds a very significant place in our history of national liberation movement. For the first time in the history of our anti-colonial struggle, its two independent currents– spontaneous peasant resistance and constitutional agitation in defence of peasantry – came into mutual contact.”

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(d) “The very idea of the bomb and the secret society, and of propaganda through action and sacrifice were import from the West.”

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(e) “This retention of Rowlatt legislation in the teeth of universal opposition is an affront to the nation. Its repeal is necessary to appease national honour.”

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Q.2
(a) “Swami Dayanand’s philosophy represents both elements of extremism and social radicalism.” Substantiate. (20 marks)

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(b) “To characterize the Quit India Movement as ‘Spontaneous Revolution’ would be partial interpretation, so also would be to look up at it as the culmination of Gandhian Satyagraha movements.” Elucidate. (20 marks)

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(c) “A powerful left-wing group developed in India in the late 1920s and 1930s, contributing to the radicalization of national movement.” Critically Examine. (10 marks)

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Q.3
(a) “Under the forceful thrust of British colonialism, Indian economy was transformed into a colonial one, the structure of which was determined by the requirements of Britain’s fast developing industrial economy.” Examine. (20 marks)

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(b) “James Mill, the apostle of utilitarian philosophy, proposed a revolution off Indian society through the ‘weapon of law’ solely. But in actual policy framing, other influences and considerations weighed much more than the colonial State.” Elucidate. (20 marks)

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(c) “The Royal Indian Navy Revolt was seen as an event which marked the end of the British rule almost as finally as Independence Day.” Explain. (10 marks)

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Q.4
(a) Analyze the nature of peasant movements during the nationalist phase and bring out their shortcomings. (20 marks)

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(b) “Jawaharlal Nehru, though a declared socialist, was pragmatist anough to focus on providing building blocks to the making of new India.” Examine. (20 marks)

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(c) “Although the Government of India Act of 1935 replaced diarchy with Provincial, the overriding powers of the Governor diluted the spirit of autonomy.” Elucidate. (10 marks)

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SECTION B

Q.5 Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each.(10×5 = 50)

(a) “France was even more fertile than Britain in producing new socialist theories and movements, though bore less concrete results in France than Britain.”

Ans:

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(b) “The multiple contradictions that quickly undermined the new edifice, had been expressed even before the meeting of the Estate General in France. The internal conflict among Estates had manifested itself.”

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(c) “The whole episode that is known as the July Revolution (1830) was fought and won not for the establishment of an extreme democracy but to get rid of the aristocratic and clericalist attitude of the restored Bourbons.”

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(d) “Mazzini’s conception of Italian nationality was not exclusive and his dominant ideal was the recreation of moral unity of mankind.”

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(e) “The Continental Blockade was a misconceived idea of economically defeating Great britain.”

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Q.6
(a) “The Berlin Congress (1878) failed to unlock the Eastern Question. Though there was no longer major war in Europe for nearly three decades after the Treaty of Berlin, it contained the seeds of many future wars.” Critically Evaluate.

Ans:

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(b) “History of Africa appears to be simply an extension or mere sub-theme under the broad headings of European and American history. According to this historiography, Africa seems to be without any history before the European scramble.” Elucidate.

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(c) “The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan were considered by Russian Bloc as a weapon against Russia in order to restrict her influence.” Critically examine.

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Q.7
(a) How far is it correct to say that the First World War was fought essencially for the preservation of the balance of power?
(15 marks)

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(b) “The failure of Kuomintang against the communist onslaught was unimaginable and it was Mao Tse-tung whose tenacity and innovative approach had accomplished the unthinkable.” Discuss.
(15 marks)

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(c) “The oppressive exploitation of the working class in the wake of Industrial Rvolution had jolted the social conscience of England.” Elucidate. (10 marks)

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Q.8
(a) “The UNO was crated in the light of the experience of the ‘League of Nations’, but in spite of the mandate contained in the UNO constitution, its effective role in maintaining world peace had lacked cohesiveness and collective approach.” Examine. (15 marks)

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(b) “The European Union, a diplomatic marvel, continues to grapple with intermittent fissurs arising out of economic contentious issues that pose a challenge to an effective integration of the Union.” Critically examine. (15 marks)

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(c) The role of the Non-Alignment Movement in world affairs had suffered greatly due to the theatre of internecine conflicts among th Third World countries who spearheaded it.” Elucidate. (10 marks)

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10 Comments Add yours

  1. Sai Krishna says:

    sir can u please guide me which books should i read for history optional …after analyse of paper i felt i am not going in the right direction in preparation please help me sir..i really needed help

    Like

    1. Easiest thing to do is to read a basic book and then solve question papers of last 30 years or so. Most of the questions are either repeated directly or indirectly.

      Like

  2. Puneet says:

    Sir please refer the sources as well. From where the questions have been framed.

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  3. PUNEET says:

    Sir please provide sources from where these questions have been framed or can be answered.

    Like

    1. I will list all the sources for each chapter comprehensively.

      Like

  4. Raunak says:

    Sir please mention d sources through which we can develop the abiity to answer such questions

    Like

  5. shil says:

    Sir,after reading Ncert,which book should I prefer for world history??
    Should I go with Jain and mathur or L.mukherjee or any other ???

    Like

  6. Yogiraj Hake says:

    Hi sir,i’m struggling regarding map section..especially to identify sites…is it ok if we mislocate1 or 2 sites very close to the site given in question…n also me how to deal with facts (stat) while writing an answer…help me out sir plz

    Like

  7. Rahul Bansod says:

    first of all thank you very much for your initiative towards history. Ur site contain all the stuffs which i was looking for.
    Sir plz tell mi that preparing for history without coaching and without having my graduation subject as history would it matter for my preparation.

    Like

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