GS Mains IAS Previous Years Question Paper 1 – 1987


1. Discuss the major social reform movement of the second half of the 19th century. In what way did they contribute to the rise and growth of Indian National Movement? (Not more than 200 words)    35

2. Despite the fact that Muslims and Hindus fought together against the British in the Revolt of 1857, a separatist movement started soon after, resulting into the partition of India.

In the light of this statement, review briefly the origin and development of Muslim Separatist Movement culminating into the creation of Pakistan in 1947. (Not more than 200 words)    35


3. (a) Explain briefly the importance of the following:

(About 30 words for each)    15

(i) Ghadar Party

(ii) The Deccan Education Society

(iii) National Archives of India.

(b) Who were the following and why are they so well-known?

(Not more than two sentence for each)    10

(i) Sir William Jones

(ii) M.R. Jaykar

(iii) Pandita Rama Bai

(iv) K. Kamraj

(v) M.N.Roy

(c) Where are the following and why are they so well-known?

(Not more than two sentence for each)    10

(i) Pushkar

(ii) Kushinagar

(iii) Tirupati

(iv) Spomnath

(v)  Madurai


4. (a) What were the new elements introduced by the Muslim rules in the development of India architecture ?

About 50 words)        10

(b) Who made the first feature film in India? What was its Name, and when was it made?    5

(c) Where did the following traditional Folk Theatres originate?        5

(i) Yatra

(ii) Tamasha

(iii) Kuttiyatam

(iv) Bhavai

(v) Natutanki

(d) What is the significance of Kumbh fair?  Where are they held?    5

(e) What is the contribution of the following to the cultural life of India ? (One sentence for each)        10

(i) Ramanuj

(ii) Shaikh Moinuddin Chishit

(iii) Shyagaraja

(iv) Vishnu Diagambar Paluskar

(v) Raja Ravi Verma

(vi) Amrita Shergill

(vii) Ram Kinker vaij

(viii) Sonal Man Singh

(ix) Sanyikta Panigrahi

(x) Prithvi Raj Kapoor


5. (a) Relation between Religion and Politics has been a subject of controversy since long. What are the views of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru of this issue? (Not more than 130 words)    25

(b) Who wrote our National Anthem? When, where and on what occasion was it sung for the first time? When was it accepted as our National Anthem?    10



6. What does the Gorka National Liberation Front seek? In what way are their demands different from the earlier demands of Miza National Front and the demand for Khalistan? (Not more than 200 words)     35


7. (a) Trace the recent political development in Fiji. How is India concerned with the development there?

About 150 words)    25

(b) What are superconductors? What is their relevance to the future development? What is India’s position in this field?(About 75 words)    10


8. What is ‘South Sout Commission’? When and where was it formed? Who are its President and General Secretary? What are its main objectives? (About 200 words)   35


9. (a) What are the following and what are their function?

(About 25 words for each)     15

(i) Coast Guard

(ii) Territorial Army

(ii) Border Security Force

(b) With which games are the following associated and why were they in the news recently?     10

(i) Steffi Graff

(ii) Pat Cash

(iii) Vishwanathan Anand

(IV) Jahangir Khan

(v) Teng Yi.

(c) What was unusual about holding Davis Cup Quarter-Finals at Delhi this year? Who represented India in this match?   3

(d) What are the main causes of general decline in sports in India? What remedies do you suggest for improvement in this field?(About 40 words)    7


10. (a) Identify and explain the significance of the following: (Two sentences for each)        15

(i) Dakshin Gangotri

(ii) Kahuta

(iii) Sahara Wall

(b) Where is the Strait of Hormuz? What is its importance? Why has it been in the news?    5

(c) What is ‘Galsnot’? Why is it significant for the whole world?    5

(d) Identify the following. Why were they in the news recentaly?        10

(i) Salim Ali

(ii) Col. Oliver North

(iii) Visvanathan Rajagopal

(iv) Gunnar Myrdel

(v) Klaus Barbie


11. (a) Discuss the objectives of the Venice Summit held recentaly. Who were the participants ? What were the major resolutions adopted at it ? (About 75 words)    15

(b) What is Africa Fund ? Who started it ? What are its objectives ?

(About 75 words)     10

(c) Who are the Chakmas ? why were they in the news recentaly ? (About 50 words)        10



12. Two new varieties A and B and a local variety of wheat were sown. The growth of the three varieties in cm is shown in the following table:

Age in Days

Varieties   15           30         45             60            75             90
A               3.0          3.5        7.0            19.0         26.0          51.0
B               2.5          4.0        10.0          31.0         44.0          82.0
Local         3.0          4.5        12.5          22.0         37.5          77.5

Draw a graph from which the growth of the three varieties of wheat may be read. On the basis of the graph, discuss the growth of the different varieties.         15


13. The following table shows the percentage distribution of total income of males in a country:


Income(in Rs.) Percentage ofMales
Below 100







700 and above









(a) What percentage of males earned Rs. 400 and above? 5

(b) What percentage of males earned at least Rs. 300 but less than Rs.500?  5


14. Comment on the following statements :

(a) a contractor employs 3 categories of workers- men, women and boys; and pays them daily wages of Rs. 3,2 and 1 respectively. He employs 30 men, 15 women and 5 three totaling 50 workers. Since the average wages of the three categories is Rs.2, the total wage bill of the contractor will be Rs. 100 daily.    5

(b) The average depth of river is 4 feet  and the average height of the members of a family is 4.5 feet; therefore all the members of the family can safely cross the river on foot.    5


15. In 1985, out of a total of 17500 workers in a  cement factory, 12000 were members of a trade union. The number of women workers was 2000, of which 1750 did not belong to the trade union. In 1986, the number of union workers increases to 15800 of which 12900 were men. On the other hand, the number of no-trade union workers in the factory fell down to 2080 of which 1800 were men.

(a) Represent the above information in a suitable tabular form.    12

(b) How many male workers of the cement factory did not belong to a trade union in 1985?    3


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