GS Mains IAS Previous Years Question Paper 1 – 1988



1. What were the motives which led to the partition of Bengal? What were its consequences? Why was it annulled? (About 250 words?         35


2. (a)  Analyse Mahatma Gandhi’s main demands presents to Irwin.How did Salt emerge as the central issue for launching the Satyagraha ? (About 100 words)                                    15

(b)  What was the Gandhi –Irwin pact ? Why was it signed and what were its consequences ? (About 150 words)                20

3. (a)  Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of Basic Education. How did Tagore differ from it ? (About 150 words)                20

(b) Explain Nehru’s main theme in his Discovery of India. (About 100 words)                   10

(c) Describe Nehru attitude towords Russia in the pre-1947 period. (About 50 words)    5


4. (a) Give an account of the legislative measure passed during 1856-1956 for the   uplift of women. Why was a new Act prohibiting Sati passed recently? (About 150 words)                                    15

(b) What are the main forms of classical dance in India?        10

(c) Explain the contributions of the  following to the social life of India ? (One sentence for each)       10

(i) Ela Bhatt

(ii) M.G. Ranade

(iii) Acharya Narendra Dev

(iv) Madan Mohan Malaviya

(v) Narayana Guru

(vi) Birsa Munda

(vii) Baba Amte

(viii) Malati Devi Chowdhury

(ix) Dr. Zakir Hussain

(x) C.N. Annadurai


5. (a) Where are the following located and why are they well-known ? (Two sentence on each)        10

(i) Dakshinesvara

(ii) Bharukachchha

(iii) Pragjyotish

(iv) Deorala

(v) Jehanabad

(b) Explain the significance of the following In the socio-religious context: (About 50 words for each)   15

(i) The Alavar Saints

(ii) Faraizi Movement

(iii) Kuka Movement

(c) Evaluate the chief characteristics of any two  of the following: (About 50 words for each)              10

(i) Gandhara School of Art

(ii) Rock–cutt temple architecture

(iii) Chola architecture



6. (a) What led to the signing of Tripartite Accord with TNV ? What are its main points? (About 150 words) 20

(b) Why did Iran accept the UN Security Council Resolution for a cease-fire ? When did it become operation? (About 125 words)        15

7. (a) Discuss the significance of the TNF  Treaty between  Soviet Union and the USA. (About 125 words)   15

(b) has the IPKF been able to achieve the goal set before it by the terms of the Indi-Sri Lanka Agreement ?

What are the option available to India ? (About 150 words).                                    20


8. (a) What was the G-7 Summit ? When and where was it held ? what were its achievements ? (About 100 words)                    15

(b) What led General Ne Win to resign from power ? What were its immediate results? (About 75 words)  10
(c) Describe the circumstances which led to the signing of the agreement on Afghanistan. What were its terms ?(About 75 words)        10


9. (a) Write brief notes on : (About 30 words)            10

(i) ASLV-D2

(ii) INSAT-1C

(b) When were the following in the news recently? (One sentence each)

(i) Narendra  Hirwani

(ii) Mike Tyson

(iii) Courtney Walsh

(iv) Syed Modi

(v) Sergei Bubka

(c) What is ‘Grand Slam’ in Tennish ? Name a man and a women who have won it.               4

(d) Where were the following events held this year and who were the winners ?     6

(i) Uber Cup

(ii) International Women’s Basket Ball

(iii) Bicentennional Gold Cup

(e) What was ‘operation Black Thunder ‘? When was it launched? What did it achieve? (About 75 words)  10


10. (a) What is ‘Perestroika’ ? What are the major changes envisaged by it? (About 75 words)         10

(b) Describe the salient features of GNLF Accord with Government. How does it doffer from the original GNLF demands? (About 75 words)    10

(c) What was the achievement of ‘ Varuna’?                3

(d) Which were the two countries which first played the limited over international cricket match ? In which year was it played and where ?        4

(e) In a Medley Race in swimming which are the four styles of swimming involved?                                4

(f) Name the sanctuaries/place where the following animals are found in India:                                     4

(i) Wild Ass

(ii) Rhinoceros

(iii) Hangul

(iv) Great Indian Bustard


11. (a) Who are the following ? Why were they in the news recently? (One sentence each)                 5

(i) Kanshi Ram

(ii) Swami Agnivesh

(iii) Robert Mugabe

(iv) Michael Durkakis

(v) Girish karmad

(b) What is Aid India Consortium ? What has been its role in India’s recent economic growth? (About 75 words)                    10

(c) What do you know of the ‘Project Tiger’? How and when was it initiated ? Name any five tiger reserve in the country.            10

(d) Write a short on the financial aspect of Sarkaria Commission Report. (About 40 words)                 5

(e) Mention any two films which have won National or International Award. Write two sentences each about the social problems reflected therein.               5



12. Present the following information in a tabular form and find out by what percentage the 1987-88 outlay exceeds the original outlay for 1986-87:

The outlay for the 1987-88 Annual Plan has been fixed at Rs. 44,699 crores. This comprises Rs. 25,042 crores for the centre and the rest for the States Sector. The Revised Estimates of the Plan outlay for 1986-87 consist of Rs. 23,625 crores for the Centre and Rs. 16,636 crores for the States. As compared to the original outlay for 1986-87, the Revised Estimate is higher by Rs. 1,325 crores   for the Centre and lower by Rs. 116 crores for the States.


13. (a) Represent the following data relating to world book production by a suitable diagram:        12

Year No. Of Title












(b) Do you agree that the annual rate of increase in book production was the lowest during 1975 to 1976? (Assume that the annual rate of increase during the various five-year periods was uniform within the given periods).                  3


14. (a) A heart patient advised to undergo surgery had heard a statement that ‘every seventh heart operation resulted in fatality.’ When he went to his surgeon he learnt that the surgeon had just completed six successful operations in a row. He refused to become the seventh patient. How would you explain the above statement to him to allay his fears?                    5

(b) In a class of 50 students, there are 30 boys and 20 girls. In a test, the average marks obtained by boys were computed to be 40 and those by girls to be 45. However, on scrutiny, it was found that the marks obtained by one of the boys was wrongly taken as 30 instead of 60 and the marks obtained by one of the girls was taken as 70 instead of 50. Find out the correct average marks for the boys and for the girls and for the class as a whole.            5


(c) The average marks of 500 students in an examination are 45. Among them, the average marks of the top 150 students are 75 and that of the last 150 students are 25. What are the average marks of the remaining 200 students? Give the steps of the calculation.          5

15. The graph below show the graph attained by plant A and plant B at the end of various period of time:

(a) Tabulate the data represented by the graph.         9

(b) During which time-intervals, the rate of growth of plant A has been less than, equal to and greater than that of plant B?                6


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