GS Mains IAS Previous Years Question Paper 2 – 2001

1. Answer any Two of the following (Answer to each question should be in  about 150 words):      15×2=30

(a) Discuss the global response to President George Bush’s  ‘ National Missile Defence Plan’ (NMD)

(b) What were the major recommendations of the ‘group of’ minister’ on Indian National Security System?

(c) Examine the latest phase of Indo-Iran relation.


2. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words):                            2×5=10

(a) What is India’s Look East Policy’?

(b) What do you understand by ‘G15’?

(c) Explain the problem of infiltration in eastern parts of India.

(d) Why does India object to Kashmir being treated as a disputed territory’?

(e) What is the significance of Pyrdiwah and Boraibari in Indo- Bangladesh relation?


3. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words):                            2×5=10

(a) In what fields have N.R.I.’s excelled in the developed countries?

(b) In which specialties Indians are most wanted abroad?

(c) What efforts are being made by Indian Government to look after N.R.I.’S?

(d) What is the contribution of the N.R.I.’S to India’s development?

(e) Why do N.R.I.’S retain their emotional attachment to India?


4. Answer any ONE of the following (Answer should be in about 250 words):

(a) What is the incidence of poverty in India? How should poverty alleviation programmes be constructed ? 30

(b) Indian economy presents a paradox of high savings rate with low- income and high saving rate with low growth rate. Analyse.        30


5. Answer any TWO of the following (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words):     15×2=30

(a) Liberalization of the Indian Economy since 1991 has led to excessive consumerism and over-production of ‘white goods’. Elucidate.

(b) What are the hurdles faced by the Finance Ministers of Indian in keeping the fiscal deficit below 3-4 percent of the GDP? Suggest steps to lower the fiscal deficit.

(c) Discuss the nature and causes of the UTI crisis with particular reference to US-64. How does this UTI fiasco affect the investment climate in India?


6. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words):                          2×15=30

(a) What is ‘CRISIL’? What does it do?

(b) What do you understand by “Current Account Convertibility of Rupee”?

(c)  What do you mean by providing industry status to agriculture in India?

(d) Elucidate “Operation Flood”.

(e) Expand the term “ nasdaq”.

(f) Differentiate between “galloping inflation” and “run-way inflation.”

(g) What is meant by “couple protection ratio”?

(h) Distinguish between “Human development index” and “gender-related development index”.

(i) What is green GNP?

(j) Distinguish between a “hard” currency and a “soft” currency.

(k) Explain “rolling plan”.

(l) Illustrate Lorenz curve.

(m) What is meant by “ticket-down” theory of development?

(n) What is “misery index”?

(o) What is meant by “Most Favored Nation” Policy?


7. Answer any TWO of the following (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words):    15×2=30

(a) Discuss the significance of Kyoto Protocol. Why is U.S.A. not signing it?

(b) Evaluate the performance of Summit meeting of the Arab League held in March 2001?

(c)  Outline the salient features of India’s nuclear policy and explain the reasons for India’s refusal to sign the C.T.B.T.

8. Answer the following (Answer to reach question should be in about 20 words):                        2×5=10

(a) what do the following stand for ?

(i) UNCIP            (ii) KLA

(b) Why has Slobodan Milosevic been in news in the recent past?

(c) Who is Gao Zhan ?

(d) Who is Meghawati Sukarmoputri ?

(e) Which is the latest right confirmed by the 57 the session of the United Nations?


9. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be inn about 20 words):                      2×5=10

(a) What is GCC ?

(b) Why was Macau in the news recently?

(c) What is G8?

(d) What is European Union?

(e) Explain the position of US visa vis the League of Nations.


10. Answer any ONE of the following (Answer should be in about 250 words):

(a) What is cryogenic engine? Discuss its significance in India’s space program me.                               30

(b) What are stem cells? Why have they been in the news recently? Discuss.                                        30


11. Answer any TWO of the following (Answer to each question should be in about 150 words): 15×2=30

(a) What is fibre optics? What advantages does it offer in telecommunications? Elaborate.

(b) What is vermicomposing? Discuss its importance in the Indian context.

(c)  What does the Montreal Protocol deal with? Discuss its role in protecting Earth’s environment.


12. Answer the following (Answer to each question should be in about 20 words):                        2×5=10

(a) What is “handshake” in computer language?

(b) What is “Ethernet” and what it used for?

(c) What is “digital signature” and what is it used for?

(d) What do the following stand for?

(i) DRAM        (ii) JPEG

(iii) ASCI        (iv) IMAP


13. Answer the following:

(a) A sample survey based on 280 postgraduate students was undertaken to study student attitude towards a proposed change in the dormitory regulations. Each student was to respond as ‘yes’ or ‘no’ or ‘ in different’ in regard to the issue. The results are tabulated below:



Percentage of students


Use a pie chart to represent the above information, and obtain the number of students saying ‘no’ to the proposed change.                    6+2=8

(f) Represent the following data by percentage subdivided bar diagram:         8

Item of Expenditure Expenditure(Rs.)

Family X           Family Y

A.       Food
B.       Clothing
C.       Education
D.       House Rent
E.       Miscellaneous
200                     300
48                       75
32                       40
40                       75
80                       110
400                    600

14. Answer the following:-                            4+2+2=8

(a) Representing the following data by suitable graphs,determine there from the number of children having I.Q.

(i) Below 105  (ii) above124:-

I.Q.                 Number of children

75-84              8
85-94              20
95-104            45
105-114          54
115-124          28
125-134          16
135-144          7
145-154          3

(b) The following table shows certain data collected for the three region of a country:-

Region No. of inhabitants(million) % of literates Average annual income per person(Rs.)

Obtain the overall figures for the three regions taken together.            4×2=8

15. Answer the following:-                                2×4=8

(a) A man goes by car from town ‘A’ to town ‘B’. A large part of the distance is uphill and he gets a mileage of 10 kms per litre of fuel. On his way back, he makes 15 kms, per litre of fuel. The distance between the two town is 60 kms. What is the average mileage per litre of fuel?

(b) In a school, there are 15 teachers. one of them drawing a monthly salary of Rs.7,800 retires and a fresh appointment is made for a monthly salary of Rs. 6,300 By what amount is the average monthly salary of teacher changed ?

(c) The geometric rate of growth of sales for a company for the first three years was 25% and for the next three years was 40%. Is the claim of average growth being 65% valid ? Give analytic reason in support of your answer.

(d) A train runs non-stop from New Delhi to Kanpur at a speed of 75 kmph and return the same way at a speed of  60 kmph. Can you conclude that the average speed for the up and down journey is 67.5 kmph? Justify your answer analytically.


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