DPPH- 16 February

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Objective Problems:

1.Consider the following events:

i. Annexation of Satara

ii. First Railway line

iii. Annexation of Sikh Kingdom

iv. Subsidiary Alliance Treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad

Which of the following chronological order is correct:

(a) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(b) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(c) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(d) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

2. Which of the following statement is incorrect:

(a) The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy during Lord Dalhausie.

(b) The line of demarcation between ‘dependent states’ and ‘protected allies’ was clearly demarcated for the application of the Doctrine of Lapse.

(c) Tipu Sultan of Mysore had refused to sign the Subsidiary Alliance Treaty with British.

(d) Mysore was annexed by British during Lord Bentinck but later on it was given back to the royal family of Mysore.

3. Which of the following happened during Lord Dalhausie:

i. Reform in local self government

ii. Major cities of the country were connected with electric telegraph lines.

iii. Revolt of 1857 took place

iv. First Railway Line connecting Bombay with Thane was laid down.

Correct statements are:

(a) All

(b) All except i and ii

(c) All except i and iii

(d)  All except iii and iv

4. Which of the following is associated with Lord Cornwallis:

i. Anglicisation of Indian administration.

ii. Suppression of evils of private trade of company officials.

iii. Zamindars were given police power.

iv.  Raiyatwai settlement of Bengal.

Incorrect statements are:

(a) i and ii

(b) iii and iv

(c) i and ii

(d) i and iv

5. Which of the following did not occur during William Bentinck:

(a) Suppression of Thugi

(b) Suppression of Infanticide and Child sacrifice.

(c) Abolition of Sati

(d) Legalisation of Hindu Widow Remarriage.

6. Which of the following is incorrect about the Dual system of Bengal

(a) It was introduced by Robert Clive.

(b) British administration acquired the function of Diwani from the Mughal Emperor.

(c) British administration acquired the function of Nizamat from the Mughal Emperor.

(d) Dual System continued upto 1813.

7.  Advantages of the subsidiary alliance for the British were:

i. British controlled the administration of their allies through their residents.

ii. The British organised huge army without occurring much expenditure.

iii.Now the wars were fought in the territories of the allies of the British, so the British territories was saved from destruction.

iv. The states allying with British were not allowed to maintain any relationship with other foreign power. It weakened the position of the French.

Correct statements are:

(a) All

(b) All except i

(c) All except i and iv

(d) All except ii and iii

8. Oudh was annexed by the British because :

(a) Nawab had no successor

(b) Nawab refused to pay revenue

(c) Nawab’s maladministration

(d) All of the above

9. Which of the following native states were annexed based on the doctrine of lapse:

i. Satara

ii. Sambhalpur

iii. Jhansi

iv. Jaipur

(a) i, ii and iii

(b) ii and iii

(c) i and iv

(d) iii and iv

10. Match the following:

List- I                         List- II

A. Lord Cornwallis         i. Subsidiary Alliance System

B. Warren Hastings       ii. Permanent Settlement in Bengal

C. Lord Wellesley           iii. Regulating Act, 1773

D. Lord Dalhausie            iv. Second Anglo-Sikh War


A    B     C     D

(a) iii   i     ii      iv

(b) i     ii    iv      iii

(c) ii   iii    i        iv

(d) iv    iii    i       ii

Mains Questions (GS Mains and History Optional)

Q. Examine the essential principles of the Subsidiary Alliance System. 



Q. “Dalhousie changed the map of India with speed and thoroughness no campaign could equal.” Comment.



For earlier DPPH, Click Here

3 Comments Add yours

  1. Ashish says:

    Question no 1
    Ans: The Subsidiary Alliance System was introduced by Governor general Lord Wellesley in order to disturb the balance of power, initiate forward policy of controlling more states and also to capture the strategic location to secure the Indian empire.

    The essential principles of the Subsidiary Alliances system were:
    1. The native states should accept British army stationed in their region for security from other foreign and domestic opposition. These principle resulted in British to secure their control over native states. However, it resulted in dismantling the native state’s army increasing unemployment.
    2. The policy resulted in stationing Resident without whose permission the native ruler would not interact with other European rulers. These resulted in foreign policy of the indian states to be controlled by Britishers.
    3. It also provided for paying the company soldiers high amount of salaries in cash. However, if not cash, then the ruler was required to cede the part of the state to company to provide for the expenditures. These resulted in drastic depletion of the treasury of rulers. But it helped the company to place such huge army at the cost of the indian rulers.

    Overall, the Subsidiary Alliance System of Lord wellesley aimed to increase the indiresct control and ex[pansion as much as possible at the cost of the Indian rulers.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Ashish says:

    Question no 2:
    Ans: The governor general Dalhousie was a staunch imperialist aiming to bring the whole india under a single control of british.
    The policies of Dalhousie were the indicators of his objective to unify the indian empire under britishers:
    1. Punjab annexation: with the second anglo sikh war on ground of rebellion , he annexed the region of punjab.
    2. Doctrine of Lapse: Dalhousie not only wanted the annex the hostile states but also friendly states. the lapse doctrine helped in annexing the region like Jhansi, nagpur, satara, udaipur, Awadh etc
    3. introduction of Railway, telegraph and Post: The railway helped to connect the remotest region of the indian countryside. Further the post and telegraph helped to strengthen military and administrative control and get connected to all the regions.
    4. Educational reforms: The change in policy from trickle down policy of Maccauley to universalising education by vernacular system helped in creating the Indian with british taste.
    So, Dalhousie had aimed to consolidate the Indian empire and bring it under direct control. For this, he used policies of annexation, lapse doctrine and war to unify the whole british Indian region.

    Liked by 1 person

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