History Optional 2020 Main Paper II [Section B- World History]


Q.5 Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) “The principles of Enlightenment were in some ways a continuation of the discoveries and theories of the Scientific Revolution.” [10 Marks]

(b) “The causes of the French Revolution of 1789 included both long term and structural factors, as well as more immediate events.” [10 Marks]

(c) “Industrial Revolution had far reaching social and political consequences with the advent of assembly line factories, urbanization and rise of the urban working class.” [10 Marks]

(d) “The multiple of newly independent countries came to be known as the ‘Third World’, belonging neither to the First World of capitalist democracies, nor the Communist Second World.” [10 Marks]

(e) “The British were slated to withdraw from Palestine in May 1948, and both sides prepared for that day. Violence between Arabs and Jews, already endemic, escalated.” [10 Marks]

Q.6 (a) “Napoleon was not a revolutionary but he solidified many of the revolutionary changes of 1789-1791 and he himself supported most of the ideas and proposals of Enlightenment philosophers.” Substantiate. [20 Marks]

(b) “Lincoln’s main thesis was that the Slavery issue had to be decided one way or the other and could no longer be evaded by compromise.” Comment in the light of his role in the American Civil War. [20 Marks]

(c) “The 1848 revolutions frightened the crowned heads of Europe and caused several to abdicate. Those who remained were cognizant of the threats posed by liberalism, nationalism and socialism.” Comment. [10 Marks]

Q.7 (a) “From Bismarck’s ‘Blood and Iron’ speech and his forceful actions to achieve German unification, Bismarck came to be known as the Iron Chancellor.” Critically examine. [20 Marks]

(b) Do you agree with the statement that the Second World War was history’s most destructive war? Elaborate. [20 Marks]

(c) Discuss the circumstances leading to the French exist from Algeria in 1962. [10 Marks]

Q.8 (a) How did Stalin build on Lenin’s legacy of Bolshevik Revolution and introduce new elements of totalitarianism to transform USSR as a superpower? [20 Marks]

(b) A new configuration of power emerged in world politics after the end of the cold war. Analyse how USA managed to become the sole superpower. [20 Marks]

(c) Critically examine whether it was true that after a century of dependency on Europeans, Africans were ill prepared for the task of nation-building. [10 Marks]

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