[Topic wise IAS Modern Indian History Question Bank (1979-2015)]: (15) Economic development and political change

Economic development and political change: Land reforms; the politics of planning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post – colonial India; Progress of science.

1. “Having won political freedom, India had to win economic and cultural freedom.” Comment. [1995, 20m]

2.”Nehru’s ‘temple of Modern India’ consisted not only of steel and power plants, irrigation dams, but included institutions of higher learning, particularly in the scientific field.” Elaborate. [2011, 30m]

3. “The Chipko became famous as the first major environmental movement in post-colonial India and gave to the understanding that environment issues are often women’s issues because they suffer most from its deterioration.” – Explain. [2012, 30m]

4. “Notwithstanding the quest of modernity and the antagonism that guided Nehru’s attitude towards the inequalities inherent in the social structure in rural India, the congress party did not carry out concerted campaign against discrimination based on caste. Nehru’s own perception was that industrial growth was bound to break the stranglehold of this feudal remnant. This however, did not happen in India.” Examine. [2013, 25 m]

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