DPPH- 10 February

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Objective Problems:

1. Mughal Emperor during the Battle of Plassey was:

(a) Shah Alam II

(b) Farrukhsiyar

(c) Alamgir II

(d) None of these

2. Consider the following statements:

i. First English factory in Bengal was established at Hugali under the permission of Sultan Shuja.

ii. Aurangzeb had granted farman to English which gave them right to duty-free trade in Bengal in return for an annual fixed payment.

Choose the correct option:

(a) Only i is correct

(b) Only ii is correct.

(c) Both i and ii are correct.

(d) None is correct

3. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Murshid Quli Khan finished the Izardari system in Bengal.

(b) He granted agricultural loan (taccavi) to poor cultivators.

(c) He nullified the duty free farman granted to Briish by Mughal Emperor and forced th British to pay custom duties.

(d) He shifted the capital city of Bengal from Dacca to Murshidabad.

4. Match the following:

List I                        List II

A. Robert Clive              i. Battle of Buxar

B. Vasistart                   ii. Battle of Plassey

C. Warren Hastings      iii. Abolished Dual Government.

D. Dupleix                      iv. Governor of Chandernagore

A    B    C   D

(a) ii     i     iii  iv

(b) ii    iii     iv   ii

(c) i     ii     iii    iv

(d)   iv    ii   iii    i

5. Who was the first to break the trade monopoly of Portuguese in India?

(a) British

(b) French

(c) Dutch

(d) Danish

6. Consider the following statements regarding the battle of Buxar:

i. The battle brought out the political weaknesses and military shortcomings of the Indians and the hollowness of the Mughal Empire.

ii. It can be said as more important than Battle of Plassey as Battle of Plassey was not won by military might but deceit.

iii. It can be said as more important than Battle of Plassey as the Battle of Plassey saw defeat of the Nawab of bengal, while the Battle of Buxar also saw defeat of Mughal Emperor and powerful Oudh.

iv. The verdict of Plassey was confirmed by the English victory at Buxar.

Correct statements are:

(a) i, ii and iii

(b) ii, iii and iv

(c) i and iii

(d) i, ii, iii and iv

7. Choose the incorrect statement:

(a) The English occupation of Bengal in 1757 enabled them to use the inexhaustible source of wealth and material resources of Bengal for fighting and defeating the French.

(b) English held naval supremacy and the control of the Sea route from helped in defeating French

(c) French faced great financial difficulties as their resources from the Deccan and Carnatic were quite inadequate.

(d) French were confined only to Pondicherry after the Carnatic Wars.

8. Consider the following statements:

i. The Portuguese started an era of unarmed open sea- trade in the Indian waters.

ii. The Portuguese effort to push out the Muslims from the trade in oriental goods, and to establish a Portuguese monopoly over the trade in West Asia completely succeeded.

iii. The Portuguese fully controlled trade in the Indian Ocean waters.

iv. Portuguese impact on the political system in India was small as they were too few in numbers to try to capture and keep hold of any large territories on the mainland in India.

The correct statement/s is/are:

(a) i and iv

(b) ii and iv

(c) Only iii

(d) Only iv

9. The British East India Company used the term ‘investments in India’ for—

(a) Their imports of bullion to purchase Indian goods

(b) The investment by British Capitalists in India.

(c) The profits made from duty free inland trade and the surplus from Diwani revenue

(d) The borrowed money from Indian money lenders for purchases in India

10. Choose the correct statement:

(a) The Danes founded a settlement in Tranquebar.

(b) The Danes could not get a foot hold in India and sold their settlements to French.

(c) The Portuguese were the first Europeans to reach India via Red Sea route.

(d) As a result of the Dutch contact, many products of the Latin American world—Maize, potato, Tobacco,chilli entered the Indian rural economy.

Mains Questions (for General Studies Mains and History Optional):

1. What do you mean by Enlightened despots in Europe? Critically examine their liberal policies. (250 words)



2. What were the fundamental differences between French East India Company and British East India Company? How does it partly explain the failure of the French in India? (200 words)


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