History Optional Mains Paper II: 2022 [Section B- World History]


Q.5 Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each : 10×5=50

(a) ‘Rousseau kindled a hope which became the spirit of the Enlightenment’. [10 Marks]

(b) ‘The codification of French Law was perhaps the most enduring of Napoleon’s achievements’. [10 Marks]

(c) Engels did much more than Marx himself to popularise the ideas of Marxism. [10 Marks]

(d) ‘Roaring Twenties’ in Europe and America had many positive points. It helped women to uplift themselves in the region. [10 Marks]

(e) ‘The first Reformation Act (1832) occupies a significant place in the constitutional development of Britain’. [10 Marks]


(a) Do you agree then the economic effects of the Industrial Revolution were to add enormously to wealth and capital on the one hand and to degrade the masses to permanent poverty as the other ? Elucidate. [20 Marks]

(b) Discuss how Fascism was a response to the post-war situation arising out of political instability, thwarted nationalist hopes and fears of the spread of communism ? [20 Marks]

(c) Do you feel that the Vietnamese fought the 20th century’s longest and bloodiest was for their liberation and integration of their country ? Analyse. [10 Marks]


(a) Do you understand that the lack of statemanship in London during the 1760’s and the 1770’s was, an important contributory factor in precipitating the American Revolution. Analyse. [20 Marks]

(b) Discuss, how the policies adopted by Mikhail Gorbachev were responsible for the disintegration of the USSR ? [20 Marks]

(c) What happened to Malaya after it was liberated from Japanese occupation in 1945? Discuss. [10 Marks]


(a)  Describe the launching of Non-Alignment Movement. Why the small nations wanted to remain aloof from the powerful nations ? [20 Marks]

(b) Why was the apartheid policy introduced in South Africa ? What were its main features ? [20 Marks]

(c) How far did Latin American countries overcome centuries of subjugation and foreign intervention ? [10 Marks]

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